The Nitrofurantoin is used in a privileged way for the treatment of urinary tract infections .
What is Nitrofurantoin?
Nitrofurantoin can have a bacteriostatic or bactericidal effect , which depends on the sensitivity of the infectious agent in question and on the concentrations of use.
How is Nitrofurantoin taken?
Generally Nitrofurantoin is taken orally in the form of capsules or suspensions.
Side effects of Nitrofurantoin
The potential side effects of Nitrofurantoin include:
- gas, stomach discomfort
- mild diarrhea
- headache , dizziness
- itching or vaginal discharge
A doctor should be contacted immediately in case of:
- liquid or bloody diarrhea
- new cough or worsening of an existing cough
- fever, chills, aches, tiredness, weight loss
- numbness, tingling or pain in the hands or feet
- liver problems (e.g. nausea , dark urine , loss of appetite)
- sudden chest discomfort or pain, wheezing, dry cough
- breathing difficulties
- joint pain or swelling, fever, enlarged glands, muscle and chest pain, vomiting, unusual behavior and mottled skin
Warnings on the use of Nitrofurantoin
In case of urinary problems or history of jaundice or kidney problems caused by the drug, or of serious kidney diseases, it is advisable not to take Nitrofurantoin. Between the last 2 or 4 weeks of pregnancy and throughout the first month of life, the intake of Nitrofurantoin is not recommended.
Taking Nitrofurantoin is able to alter the glucose levels in the urine .
A doctor should always be informed before starting Nitrofurantoin treatment if:
- you have allergies to the active substance, its excipients, other drugs or any food ;
- of medicinal products, herbal remedies and supplements taken ;
- in the past you have suffered or still suffer from kidney, liver or jaundice diseases, anemia, diabetes, electrolyte imbalances, vitamin B or G6PDH deficiency and any other debilitating health problem;
- reduced urination occurs;
- you are pregnant or breastfeeding .