The Nitroglycerin is used to manage the congestive heart failure associated to ‘ infarction , for the treatment of high blood pressure during surgery , and to treat some forms of chest pain .
What is nitroglycerin?
Nitroglycerin facilitates the flow of blood , decreases the workload for the heart and, consequently, the amount of oxygen it needs because it acts by relaxing the blood vessels.
How is Nitroglycerin taken?
Nitroglycerin can be taken by injection directly into the vein . Since nitroglycerin also exists in tablets , some of which dissolve under the tongue, in capsules or sprays , it can also be taken orally, transdermally through the use of patches or ointments , and rectally using an ointment.
Side effects of nitroglycerin
Potential side effects of nitroglycerin include:
- dizziness or light-headedness
- injection site irritation
The doctor should be contacted immediately when the use of nitoglycerin causes:
- feeling of tightness in the chest
- swelling of the mouth, face, lips or tongue
- clouded view
- dry mouth
- irregular or fast heartbeat
- heavy sweating
- breathing difficulties
- severe or persistent dizziness or headache
- severe or persistent nausea or vomiting
- unusual tiredness or weakness
Contraindications and warnings on the use of nitroglycerin
Surgeons, doctors or dentists should be informed immediately of taking Nitroglycerin.
Nitroglycerin treatment can also cause dangerous dizziness when getting up from sitting or lying down, especially on waking up, when it is hot, when doing physical activity, in case of fever and if you take alcohol. It can also interfere with some laboratory tests .
The Nitroglycerin must never be taken if you are taking Avanafil, Riociguat, Sildenafil, Tadalafil, or Vardenafil, but also in case of bleeding in the brain or stroke , swelling of the membrane surrounding the heart or problems in blood flow to the heart.
Nitroglycerin especially if taken together with alcohol or other medicines can limit the ability to drive or operate dangerous machinery . Furthermore, the combination of alcohol and medicines can make nitroglycerin fatally toxic.
Your doctor should always be informed before starting Nitroglycerin treatment if:
- you have allergies to the active substance, its excipients, other drugs or any food ;
- of the medicines, phytotherapy and supplements taken, such as Avafanil, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, diuretics, high blood pressure drugs, Vardenafil, salicylates, long-acting nitrates, Fenotiazine, Riociguat, Sildenafil, Tadalafil, Alteplase or Eparina;
- you are suffering or in the past have suffered from hyperthyroidism , stroke or cerebral hemorrhage, head injury, anemia , heart problems, low blood pressure, dehydration or hypovolemia ;
- if you consume alcoholic beverages ;
- you are pregnant or breastfeeding .