Murano glass . It is produced on a small island in Venice that bears the same name and has been the industrial center of blown glass for centuries, it is an artisan product from Italy , in its creations the beauty of the art of blowing glass is reflected.
Artisans, in the process of blowing glass , inhale poisonous gases emanating from the minerals they use. It is for this reason that this work is performed only by men who retire from work after 25 years.
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- 1 Origin of Murano Glass
- 2 Brief history
- 3 Uses
- 4 Curiosities
- 5 Source
Origin of Murano Glass
Glass was manufactured in Venice from the 10th century . The oldest known Murano glass is from the 15th century , it was created on an island in Venice called Murano . The Venetian industry, concentrated on this island, dominated the European market until 1700.
The Venetians contributed to the development of a refined, hard sodium glass that was colorless and highly transparent. The first pieces that were created with this type of glass, were of simple shapes and were decorated with enamelled designs similar to jewels. Pieces were also made of colored and opaque glass. At the end of the 16th century the forms changed and became lighter and more delicate.
Murano glass blowers developed a type of glass filigree that consisted of incorporating strands of white opaque glass into transparent glass. When working with a special design, the effect of a lace was produced. Glassmakers across Europe were trying to copy the style and materials of the Venetians.
Murano glass, as is well known, comes from Murano, an island in the Venetian lagoon. Its glass tradition dates back to the 11th century when all the glassmakers in Venice were under threat of fire, moving to the aforementioned island. This is the main reason why during that century, Murano was built as the largest producer of crystals. From before, Italy was already famous for the manufacture of crystals and especially mirrors.
It is a glass that is blown and those who make it are true artisans because they not only blow glass but they create great works of art that can take various forms: figures, vases, bottles, ashtrays, jewelry or lamps.
Murano glass artisans were forbidden to leave Venice so that they would not divulge the well-kept secrets of their art, but many emigrated from Murano and opened workshops in other countries in Europe . This is how each country developed its pieces based on the Venetian model. In the 17th century, Italian influence disappeared as new methods emerged in Germany and England to make glass.