The ketogenic diet consists of a drastic reduction of carbohydrates,which will only participate in 10 to 15% of the daily calories. To compensate for this reduction, a great increase in the consumption of fats, represented by foods like avocado, coconut, seeds, sour cream, olive oil, peanuts, nuts, walnuts and almonds must be increased.
In addition, the amount of protein must also increase until it is about 30% of the food, and it is necessary to eat meat, chicken or fish at lunch and dinner, and include eggs and cheeses in the snacks.Another diet very similar to ketogenic is the low carb diet , and the main difference is that the ketogenic diet makes a much greater use of fats to compensate for the lack of carbohydrates.
How to Make the Ketogenic Diet to Lose Weight
To make the ketogenic diet, one should eliminate all high-carbohydrate foods such as bread and rice, and increase mainly the consumption of foods rich in fats, while also maintaining a good amount of protein in the diet. This diet works to lose weight because, in this way, the body starts to use the fat itself as a source of energy instead of the carbohydrate that comes from the diet.
This type of feeding is indicated mainly to control and prevent seizures and epileptic seizures; however, it has also been used to accelerate weight loss and, in some cases, for the treatment of cancer, since the cancer cells mainly feed of carbohydrate, which is the nutrient withdrawn from the ketogenic diet.
Cyclic ketogenic diet
The cyclic ketogenic diet helps maintain good diet and good weight loss, helping to provide energy for physical exercise.In this type, one should follow the menu of the ketogenic diet for 5 consecutive days, which are followed by 2 days in which it is allowed to consume carbohydrate foods such as bread, rice and pasta. However, foods like sweets, ice creams, cakes and other sugar-rich products should continue off the menu.
The ketogenic diet is contraindicated for people over 65 years of age or with a history of problems such as liver or kidney failure, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and patients on cortisone-based medications.