The Maji Maji Rebellion took place in 1905 in 1907 in what was then known as German East Africa (modern Tanzania). The revolt took place following the German colonialists who forced Africans in German East Africa to grow cotton for export. Each village should have produced a certain amount of cotton. Village leaders were given responsibility for supervising cotton production.
Since 1897, German settlers had occupied the area providing an oppressive environment for indigenous groups. However, the rebellion had been difficult to coordinate among the various ethnic groups who often had divergent ideas about the policies implemented by the Germans and found it difficult to bind together. However, this would change when the Germans tried to force work in the form of a cotton harvest on indigenous peoples. Cotton was an important “cash crop” for Europeans, but it was not profitable for the natives who often had to suffer torture if they didn’t work efficiently enough.
- Force trick
The people of Matumbi declared war on Germany on July 31, 1905, armed with spears and arrows. The troops were composed of various cultures and ethnic origins, and managed to come together to resist the German settlers. It has been estimated that more than 20 ethnic groups joined during the Maji Maji rebellion. The word “Maji” comes from a drink made with water mixed with beetroot. It was given to the soldiers who were fighting the German settlers in anticipation of their struggles.
- Description of the engagement
In a revolt against the German colonizers, the Matumbi destroyed a cotton plantation and a shopping center. Because of this attack, Kinjeketile was arrested and hanged for treason. Before his death, he told people that he had already given them the medicine that turned bullets into water. Later, the men of the tribe attacked a group of missionaries who were on a safari and cut them to pieces. Among them was a Catholic bishop. The following day they attacked a place occupied by the Germans.
- Historical meaning and inheritance
As a result of the Maji Maji Rebellion, many people in German East Africa have declared that they embrace Christianity and Islam. The German government discouraged settlers from harassing Africans by treating them as slaves. The revolt became an encouragement to other freedom fighters to unite despite their cultural differences with the goal of eliminating colonial rulers. The survivors of the land of Maji Rebellion Maji became a forest and occupied by wild animals.
Maji Maji Rebellion has changed many things. About a hundred aristocrats were killed by the Ngoni tribe. The rate of women giving birth is reduced to 25% because most men were on the battlefield or in the cotton plantation. Traditional garments were replaced by Westerners. About 75% of Pangwa people and 50% Matumbi people died as a result of the rebellion. There was a great famine because people focused on fighting the Germans. Around 15 German victims were reported.