10 Facts You Didn’t Know About Russia

Moscow is presumably the site of a secret underground subway, called Metro-2.

The city of Moscow in Russia operates one of the fastest and most efficient transport systems in the world, called the underground. However, a secret system known as the Metro-2 is parallel to the metro system 1 and was built during the period of Joseph Stalin. It is managed by the Ministry of Defense and the Directorate of Special Programs in Russia. It is said that Metro-2 is a secret transport channel that connects underground military bunkers, linking the headquarters of the Federal Security Service with the Kremlin. Three Metro-2 lines include the D6 line, the Vnukovo airport line and the Ismaylovo line.

  1. The longest continuous railway in the world can be found in Russia.

Russia is hailed as the seat of the world’s longest single railway, known as the Trans-Siberian. The railway is 9,200 long. Start in Moscow and cross seven time zones, ending at the port of Vladivostok. A non-stop journey from Moscow to Vladivostok takes 152 hours and another 27 minutes. The railway was built from 1891-1916 and crosses several cities such as Omsk, Perm, Chita, Krasnoyarsk and Irkutsk.

  1. It is the home of the Volga, the longest river in Europe.

The Volga River is considered the longest river in Europe and the national river of Russia. It drains into the Caspian Sea and has some of the largest reservoirs in the world such as the artificial reservoirs of Saratov, Uglich, Ivankovo ​​and Volgograd. The rivers that feed the Volga River include the Oka, Sura, Kama and Vetluga rivers. The Volga River flows through the heavily populated parts of Russia. The area covered by the river is about 1,350,000 square kilometers.

  1. 70% of Russia is Siberia.

Geographically, Siberia covers more than half of Russia. Specifically, it covers 5.1 million km 2 of Russia, which is about 77% of its total area. The topography of Siberia varies from one geographical area to another. Some areas are grasslands, others are permafrost, while others are flat and marshy. In addition, Siberia is surrounded by mountain ranges called Altai Mountains, Ural Mountains and Gamma Verhoyansk. Siberia is known for its extremely cold temperatures of up to -47 degrees Celsius. Vegetation in Siberia is one of three types: tundra, taiga and temperate forests.

  1. And 77% of the Russian population lives in European Russia.

Russia is the seventh most populated country in the world after China, India, the United States, Indonesia, Brazil and Pakistan. Among the inhabitants of Russia, 77% live in a part of Russia commonly referred to as European Russia. Technically, Russia is in Eurasia, which is composed of Europe and Russia. Around 25% of Russia is in Europe and 75% is in Asia. The population of Russia is 144 million people, of which 110 million are in the European part of Eurasia. Moreover, the two largest cities of Russia, namely Moscow and St. Petersburg, are also found in European Russia.

  1. There are almost 9 men for every woman 1.

There are about 10 million more women than men in Russia. The big difference is attributed to the huge number of men who died during the Second World War. Furthermore, statistics show that 25% of males in Russia die before they reach the age of 55. This statistic is worsened by the decline in newborns in Russia. Other theories on why men die early include risky habits like smoking or drinking heavily.

  1. The coldest city in the world, Oymyakon, is located in Russia.

Oymyakon is the coldest village on Earth. It is also called the “pole of the cold”. The city of Oymyakon has a population of only 500 inhabitants. It is located in the Oymyakonsky district in the Republic of Sakha, in Russia. Temperatures in January are normally -50 degrees Celsius and the lowest temperature ever recorded in the city is -71.2 degrees Celsius. Nothing grows during these periods and mobile phones do not work. Interestingly, it’s so cold that people have to keep their cars running all day. The explanation for this is that cars can refuse to start if the engines are off.

  1. How the Baikal, in Russia, is the deepest lake in the world.

Lake Baikal is located south of Siberia. It is the deepest lake in the world, at the feet of 5.387. The lake is surrounded by numerous hiking trails that are known as “the path of the great Baikal”. There are also high snow-capped mountains around the lake that make it radiate with the radiance of unmatched beauty. Lake Baikal consists of 20% non-frozen fresh water in the world. The amount of water it holds is much higher than that held by all the Great Lakes of North America. Lake Baikal is also the oldest lake in the world since it has existed for over 30 million years.

  1. The siege of Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) during the Second World War was the deadliest siege in history.

The siege of Leningrad took place in present-day St. Petersburg. It occurred when the Nazis attacked the Soviet Union and a German army besieged the city of Leningrad. The siege took place between 1941 and 1944, lasting 900 days. Hitler’s strategy was to strangle and starve the city of food until it surrendered to the Nazis. The siege was so terrifying that the citizens had to be evacuated across the frozen and dangerous Lake Ladoga. The cities, oil and coal supplies were depleted and civilians suffered very cold temperatures. Food supplies ran out and people resorted to eating dogs, cats, horses and mice. A total of one million civilians and 300,000 Soviet soldiers lost their lives during the siege.

  1. Moscow has one of the highest concentrations in the world of billionaires.

According to Forbes, Moscow is inhabited by 60 billionaires whose combined net worth is $ 217.6 billion. The city is made up of more billionaires than any other city in the world. The number of billionaires has increased significantly since the year 2002 when the city had only five billionaires. Billionaires are usually attracted to cities that enjoy favorable tax breaks, cheaper living standards, world-class restaurants and night clubs. Billionaires often flaunt their wealth through fashion and lavish lifestyles. In addition to Moscow, other billionaire cities include New York, Hong Kong and London.

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