Pakistan is located in South Asia and ranks among the most populated countries in the world. The country boasts over 200 million inhabitants that occupy 881.913 km 2 of land. The largest city in Pakistan is Karachi.
Pakistan has experienced rapid economic growth to become a semi-industrialized economy, a situation that has caused the emergence of large cities like Karachi and Lahore. The population of Pakistan is predominantly Indo-Iranian speaking and the country is culturally and historically associated with its neighbors in India, Afghanistan and Iran. The country was created when it was separated from British India and together with India gained their independence in 1947.
The three largest cities in Pakistan
Karachi – 14,916,456
Karachi is the largest city in Pakistan by population. In fact, the Karachi metro area is one of the largest on Earth by the population. The city is the capital of the province of Sindh. Karachi is located along the Arabian Sea and is the largest and most vital port in Pakistan. The city began as a small fishing village founded by the Sindhi and Baloch tribes. To date, a small number of descendants of these tribes still live in the area.
Karachi is the financial center of Pakistan. It has the largest stock exchange in Pakistan and houses the headquarters of the largest companies in the country. A growing trend in Karachi is the increase in investors in the IT sector. Karachi is slowly becoming an information and communication center. Karachi Industries include textiles, automobiles, steel and pharmaceuticals. The pollution in Karachi is higher than the standards recommended by the WHO. The economic disparities among the people of Karachi have led to the proliferation of slums and slums. The living conditions in these areas are often scarce and there is no access to sanitation and clean water. Water borne diseases kill thousands of people in Karachi every year. Karachi also faces the problem of traffic congestion,
Lahore – 11,126,285
Lahore has a population of 11,126,285. It is the capital of the province of Punjab. Lahore has a rich history and has served as the capital of various empires such as Shahi, Mughal and Sikhs. The architecture of Lahore is a mixture of modern and ancient. Lahore is considered a cultural, educational, artistic and sports center in Pakistan. Lahore contributes almost 13% to the Pakistani economy and has a profitable service sector with industries such as real estate, banking services, financial services, tourism, information and technology. These industries employ a substantial population in the city. The dominant religion in Lahore is Islam, and there are numerous mosques scattered throughout the city.
The rapid economic growth of the city was accompanied by a surge in development projects such as housing and shopping centers. The Lahore infrastructure is relatively modern even though it is at the cost of environmental sustainability. Lahore has seen an increase in traffic congestion due to many vehicles using existing inadequate infrastructure.
Faisalabad – 3,204,726
Faisalabad has a population of 3,204,726 and is located in a district of the Punjab province. Faisalabad has long been a community of villages and became an urban center under British rule. It flourished as a commercial, industrial and agricultural center in the metropolitan area it is today. The city’s industries include textiles, pharmaceuticals, paper, beverages, jewelery and food processing. The city’s agricultural products include cotton, vegetables, wheat and sugar cane. The infrastructure of the city was well planned and includes extensive networks of roads, highways and railways. A growing trend in the city has been the attraction of numerous investors, who have started mega projects such as shopping centers due to the growing middle class.
The largest cities in Pakistan