The Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks were two prominent sectors within the famous Russian Social Democratic Party (RSDLP). Despite their greatest importance before the Second World War, the two sectors are rarely recognized in the current historic arenas. However, the sectors have been highly regarded in Russia and it is not surprising that many people do not understand the difference between the two.
The Russian Social Democratic Party
To understand these two areas, one must understand the Russian Social Democratic Party (RSDLP). The party was a socialist revolutionary organization in Russia whose main purpose was to unite all revolutionary organizations under one powerful Russian empire. Formed in 1898, the party became quite prominent among the Russians, but later spilled into two main sectors. In 1903 the party obtained an unmatched recognition and attention that led to one of his meetings in London in a church on Tottenham Court Road. The unexpected happened during this congress full of events: the party was actually divided into two very different entities. Therefore, in November 17 th Consequently the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks were formed.
The Bolsheviks (majority)
The Bolsheviks are a Russian word that represents the majority. As previously stated, this was a faction of the RSDLP formed after the spill at the Tottenham Court Road congress. The party was formed in Minsk Belarus and its main purpose was to unite the various revolutionary parties in Russia in a single arena. The RSDLP held a second vote in the congress of the party in which the Bolsheviks won the majority, hence the name. Eventually, the Bolsheviks became the communist party of the Soviet Union. The Bolshevik was founded by Vladimir Lenin assisted by Alexander Bogdanov. Lenin’s idea of reducing the members of “Iskra” to 3 from 6 has instigated the payment since most Jews thought the idea would have put them in jeopardy under Russian rule anyway. Then, under the leadership of Martov, the Mensheviks were born.
The Mensheviks (minority)
Julius Martov and Vladimir Lenin’s disagreement led to the formation of two factions. The Mensheviks, who were a minority within the RSDLP, were later trained at the beginning of 1904. The idea behind the Mensheviks was to lead a movement that was less elitist than the time. Thus, the movement would later attract the support of the uneducated and common peasant. Their argument was that a party cannot attract peasant workers if it were based on the elite. Although the movement acquired a discrete following followed by the majority of peasant citizens, its imperfect leadership structure was one of the main causes of its unpopularity. There have been open disagreements witnessed within the party, thus creating distrust and unclear intentions.
The October revolution, which was also called “Red October”, was a revolutionary phase within the Bolsheviks that eventually led a motion of political and social changes that led to the formation of the so-called Soviet Union. The revolution was a kind of armed coup d’état orchestrated by the Bolsheviks and eventually led to the arrest of several state officials. The last event was the transformation of the Bolsheviks into the Soviet Union.