Improving the contours of the body and leaving it with an aspect that makes the person feel more beautiful is usually the main objective of those who resort to liposuction. Also known as liposculpture, this is the ideal plastic surgery to remove localized body fat.
Sometimes, even after adopting good eating habits and a regular exercise routine, some people feel dissatisfied with areas of the body where excesses are still concentrated. The surgical aesthetic procedure, therefore, appears as an ally.
Before making the decision to do so, however, it is essential to pay attention to some information. To better understand how it works, to know which patient profile is indicated and how pre and postoperative care is given, continue to read our article below!
What is liposuction?
Liposuction is plastic surgery that removes deposits of localized fat. Its formation is due to factors such as lack of dietary reeducation, physical inactivity or due to genetic characteristics. Thus, it leads some people to the desire to modify the appearance of their bodies.
The surgeon usually does it, according to the patient’s desire, on the waist, abdomen, back, arms, neck, thighs, legs, chest, cheeks and even on the inside of the knees.
In many cases, it can be associated with other procedures, such as abdominoplasty.
To perform liposuction, first of all, it is essential to be aware that good eating habits and exercise routine are the best ways to ensure the maintenance of new body contours.
Who can do it?
Surgery is recommended for those who already have healthy habits and, consequently, are less likely to regain fat in the operated region. Thus, patients with adequate weight and people with good muscle tone are more eligible, in which flaccidity does not predominate after liposuction.
If the patient is overweight and very much wants to undergo the transformation, the doctor may recommend that he initiate a dietary reeducation before undergoing it.
Although it is increasingly popular, considered the second most performed plastic surgery in Brazil, after only mammoplasty, liposuction is not suitable for everyone.
Smokers, people with a history of heart attacks, heart- related complications , stroke ( stroke ), hypertension, obese patients (with a BMI greater than 30) and those who have anemia and severe diabetes are not indicated to do it.
When it comes to the age factor, plastic surgery is also not recommended for the elderly, since the reduction of collagen in the skin creates the risk of taking the stages of the procedure to perforations in vital organs. Adolescents under the age of 18, too, due to their developmental process, should not undergo liposuction.
Patients with anorexia and dysmorphism problems, which may have low body fat and severe image disorders, are also not eligible, since surgery, in addition to physical complexity, directly dialogues with each other’s self-esteem.
How is the preoperative of liposuction?
Before performing liposuction, it is important to choose a professional you trust, with expertise and expertise in plastic surgery, registered with the Federal Council of Medicine.
During the first consultation, the patient’s habits are reported to the doctor, so that he can decide if it is really the ideal choice. In this meeting, the professional informs about the relevance of having realistic expectations and clears all doubts about the surgery
Pre-operative exams requested
As soon as both parties agree, laboratory tests are requested, including coagulation and blood count. These are used to detect anemia, count platelets and identify any infections in the patient’s body.
In addition, cardiac profile assessment, renal function assessment and fasting blood glucose tests are required to detect diabetes.
Specific care for liposuction
People who regularly use drugs should report them to their doctors. In many cases, suspension of use before liposuction can be recommended. The contraceptive pill , for example, is usually stopped in the month before the procedure, since it creates a risk of thromboembolism.
If the patient has any colds and infections in the period prior to surgery, he must also report them to the surgeon.
In their routine, in addition to the health issue, it is necessary for the individual to organize themselves to perform liposuction in a period in which they can rest, maintaining all the rest required for the procedure to be successful.
In addition, someone you trust can accompany you during consultations and must be present on the day the surgery is performed, to take you home once it is finished, as well as the hospitalization period
How is the surgery done?
After all preoperative care is taken, the time for liposuction comes! The first relevant information is that it must be conducted in a surgical center with authorization from health surveillance and all the necessary equipment to solve any complications.
In surgery, anesthesia can be local, epidural or general. The choice depends on the size of the body area to be operated.
Once the patient is under anesthetic, small incisions are made through which the fat will be removed. In them, the surgeon infiltrates a solution containing saline and adrenaline, Klein’s solution, responsible for controlling bleeding.
After this step, in the incisions, the cannula is applied, a small tube, which helps to remove and suck the fat out of the patient’s body.
The amount of fat removed varies according to the individual composition. As a reference, maximum extraction consists of up to 7% of the individual’s weight.
Postoperative of liposuction
As soon as the procedure is successfully concluded, the patient is submitted to a hospitalization, which can take 12 to 24 hours, depending on the clinical condition. After that, the informed companion can pick you up at the hospital so that you can rest at home.
During the first few days after surgery, excess blood or fluids tend to be removed with small drains. In order to control the pain of the operation, the doctor prescribes painkillers and antibiotics, which prevent infections.
After this stage, the patient is recommended to undergo lymphatic drainage sessions, improving edema and reducing the swelling characteristic of the postoperative period of plastic surgery.
Whoever undergoes liposuction should avoid sunbathing in the first month after surgery. Another key measure is to stay for about 21 to 30 days without physical exercise, in order to avoid bleeding and complications.
After this period, light activities, such as walking, can quickly evolve to the patient’s previous routine, with all the medical monitoring to ensure that the healing takes place in the best way.
The result of liposuction, in short, can be seen after a few months. When all pre and postoperative care is taken and the reliable plastic surgeon guides the individual to follow the fundamental steps, the tendency is for the procedure to provide a lot of satisfaction, in line with real expectations and unique physical characteristics. , of each patient.