Lime (fruit)

The lime is a member of exotic and highly aromatic fruit family of citrus . It is the fruit of the limero (Citrus aurantifolia). There are many varieties of lime but they are generally small in size, green or yellow in color. Its flavor is between acidic and sweet, depending on the variety, sometimes it is bitter.


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  • 1 Taxonomy
    • 1 Scientific name
      • 1.1 Authors
    • 2 Basonym
      • 2.1 Basonym combinations
    • 3 Synonymy
    • 4 Common name
  • 2 Origin
  • 3 Features
  • 4 varieties
  • 5 Tips for your purchase
    • 1 Best time
  • 6 Conservation
  • 7 Properties of the fruit
  • 8 The file and health
  • 9 The lime in the kitchen
  • 10 References
  • 11 Sources


Scientific name

  • Citrus × aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle [1]


  • Swingle, Walter Tennyson
  • Published in: Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 3 (18): 465. 1913. (Nov 4, 1913 ) [2]


  • Limonia × aurantiifolia Christm. [3]

Basonym combinations

  • Citrus × aurantium subsp. aurantiifolia (Christm.) Guillaumin
  • Citrus medica subfo. aurantiifolia (Christm.) Hiroë [4]


  • Citrus × acida Pers.
  • Citrus × aurantiifolia subsp. murgetana García Lidón, D. Rivera, S. Ríos & Obón
  • Citrus × aurantium subsp. aurantiifolia (Christm.) Guillaumin
  • Citrus × aurantium var. proper Guillaumin
  • Citrus × javanica Blume
  • Citrus × lime Macfad.
  • Citrus hystrix subsp. Acid Engl.
  • Citrus medica subfo. aurantiifolia (Christm.) Hiroë
  • Limonia × aurantiifolia Christm. [5]
  • Citrus × davaoensis (Wester) Yu.Tanaka
  • Citrus depressa var. voangasay (Bojer) Bory
  • Citrus × excelsa Wester
  • Citrus × excelsa var. davaoensis Wester
  • Citrus × hystrix subsp. Acid Engl.
  • Citrus lime Lunan
  • Citrus × macrophylla Wester
  • Citrus medica var. Acid Brandis
  • Citrus medica f. aurantiifolium (Christm.) M.Hiroe
  • Citrus × montana (Wester) Yu.Tanaka
  • Citrus × nipis Michel
  • Citrus × notissima White
  • Citrus × papaya Hassk.
  • Citrus × pseudolimonum Wester
  • Citrus × spinosissima G.Mey.
  • Citrus × webberi var. Wester Mountain [6]
  • Citrus limetta var. aromatic
  • Limonia aurantiifolia Christm. [7]

Common name

Lime, lemon, lemon, acid lime, Peruvian lemon, Mexican lemon, Pica lemon, subtle lemon, Ceuta lemon, colima lemon, Creole lemon and green lemon.


Citrus fruits have been around for 20 million years and their origin is in Southeast Asia, Persia ( Iran ), Malaysia . From there during the Middle Ages and with the crusades they reached Spain and North Africa .

Since then they have spread throughout the world and have evolved in very different ways, with many varieties coming out.



There are many varieties of lime but they are generally small in size, green or yellow in color and have a sweet-sour and sometimes bitter taste.

Its fleshy pulp is divided into very juicy and refreshing segments. Its flavor is between acidic and sweet, depending on the variety. The lime is more aromatic and perfumed than the lemon, but its juice is less concentrated. The lime fruit has a unique aroma that differentiates it from the rest of the citrus. It also has the advantage of not having seeds (or in very little quantity). It can get twice as much juice as a lemon. The lime constitutes one of the most popular exotic citrus, especially in some countries ( Mexico , Brazil )


There are 1,500 species of the Rutáceas family. Of the Citrus genus there are 20 species of edible fruits.

The best-known fruit varieties on the markets (acid limes):

  • Persian Lime(lime persia) from Brazil, is medium / large in size, rough skinned and one of the most purchased for its most affordable price. It is also the one that has the most similarity to the lemon, both for its shape and its color.
  • Mexican Lima(40%): from Mexico, smaller than Persian Lime and of higher quality. Mexican Lima has a very strong aroma.
  • Sweet files. Sweet limes are also produced in the Middle East , India, and some Central American countries , such as the Sweet variety of India .

Tips for your purchase

When buying them we must take into account that they are heavy because that means they have more juice. They must have smooth skin, if the skin wrinkles is a bad sign, it means that it is shrinking. In general, we insist, it is advisable to choose fruits that seem heavier for their size, with an intense green color.

Best time

Files can be obtained throughout the year. In Spain this fruit is usually consumed more in summer (especially August ) and in December .


Once at home, the limes hold perfectly in the fridge for 3 weeks. Although it is sensitive to cold, for its best conservation between 8-10 ºC. At room temperature, for a week. The juice and the peel of the lime admit freezing.

Fruit properties

The files contain 94% water, carbohydrates and no fiber. It is excellent for slimming diets because it is very low in calories and due to the citric acid it contains.

Files contain:

  • Vitamin C.
  • Minerals: Potassium, Magnesium .
  • Others: FolicAcid, Citric Acid (very much), flavoids, essential oils, beta-carotene, antioxidants.

Lime and health

Lime is a fruit beneficial to health. It is highly diuretic and is therefore recommended for fluid retention problems. It has anticancer, detoxifying, purifying and restorative properties. The file contributes to strengthen the immune system , combat stress , skin diseases, gout , arthritis , iron deficiency anemia, diarrhea , as well as cardiovascular and degenerative problems.

Lime juice mixed with water is good for calming fever and fighting arteriosclerosis. The lime zest tea facilitates digestion, fights gases and tones the nerves.

It helps to burn fat and due to its low caloric value it is excellent for slimming diets. The file is not recommended for people with digestive problems such as heartburn, ulcers, and gastritis .

The lime in the kitchen

The lime is generally not consumed as fresh fruit, but only its juice. It has various culinary uses, being highly appreciated in Mexican and Asian cuisine. It is used to dress salads, to dress dishes, in sauces and to flavor cakes and pies.

The lime is also used to sprinkle fish and seafood , as an accompaniment to meat , in the preparation of various refreshing and alcoholic beverages. It is also used to enhance the flavor of other fruits and in the production of jellies , jams, ice creams and sorbets


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