10 Steps of Effective Lesson Planning For Teachers

Lesson Planning For Teachers depends upon his ability to effectively plan and present his subject. As a tradesman he was concerned primarily with doing the job himself, but as an instructor his primary duty is to teach others the knowledge and skill that he possesses.

The importance of planning each lesson cannot be over-emphasized. No instructor can go to shop or class unprepared and adequately teach. Preparation is absolutely necessary. He must know exactly what he will teach
and how he will teach it. The lesson plan should be organized on paper and used as a guide whenever he presents a lesson.
Select subject matter to conform to objectives of the course.

All things taught should conform to the course objectives.Subject matter should be selected which contributes to the knowledge or skill that students are expected to acquire.Determine the specific objectives of the lesson.The objectives or aim of each lesson should be clear-cut and specifically stated.Arrange subject matter in order of learning difficulty.Subject matter should be arranged so that the students can learn, step by step, from the simple fundamentals to the more difficult phases of the work.

An instructor should present the easier teaching points at the beginning of the lesson to develop students’ confidence in their ability to learn. More difficult phases of the lesson should be introduced gradually, to prevent any feeling of frustration on file part of the students.

Have more than enough material for the time available.A particularly bright class may learn the presented
subject-matter quickly, and the instructor who plans only a minimum of material may find himself in an
embarrassing position if he has to fake his presentation or mark time until the period ends.

What Is Lesson planning For Teachers;How To Write A Lesson Plan

Select teaching methods to be used.
After the subject matter has been selected and arranged, the next step is to determine the best
teaching methods. Some methods are more effective than others, depending upon the type of lesson.
A combination of methods is usually more desirable than the use of any particular one. Vary the method
of presentation and devices which involve the greatest possible use of the students’ senses.

Demon­strations and the use of visual aids utilize the sense of sight. Explanations, discussions, and the question-
and-answer method involve the sense of hearing. The performance of manipulative work, and the use of samples and other objects utilize the sense of  touch. Teaching methods involving the sense of taste and of smell can also be used successfully in some cases.
Select all instructional devices to be used.

Some of the commonly used instructional devices
a. tools
b. equipment
c. supplies
d. charts
e. diagrams
f. blueprints
g. objects
h. models
i. projects
f. mock-ups
k. blackboards
I. procedure
m. pictures
n. posters
o. student note­
p. motion
q. film strips
r. film slides
s. opaque pro­jector
These aids and others may be used to increase the effectiveness of the lesson presentation. It is the
teacher s responsibility to make, buy, or to recommend the purchase or development of such aids.
Devise means for securing student participation.All learning requires activity — mental, physical,
or both. An instructor should provide for as much active student participation as possible.

Methods for encouraging participation include:
a. Asking questions
h. Encouraging students to ask questions
c. Stimulating discussion
d. Using die blackboard
e. Having students help in demonstrations, and using visual aids
Most of the students’ time in the shop should be spent doing the job. Students learn best when
they make use of the hand and eye as well as the mind.

Plan means for arousing interest in the lesson.
The good instructor not only prepares his own lesson but also prepares his students to receive it.
When students do not learn, the reason is usually that they are not sufficiently interested, not because
they lack ability.

Therefore, interest should be aroused by explaining the need and importance of the lesson, how the lesson can be applied, forming connections with past and future lessons, telling personal experiences and asking students for their experiences as they apply to the lesson.

Too many in­structors are so interested in driving home the technical points that they neglect the interest factor
which is most essential to learning.

Select references for further study.
A list of references should be included in every lesson plan and may be given to students to study.
An instructor should always be prepared to recom­mend references to students who want to study further.

 Provide for orientation at the first meeting of the class.

A lesson plan for the first meeting in the course should provide for the orientation of the students to
arouse interest and develop an understanding of the school and its functions. Orientation should include:
a. An overview of the course; its aims and objectives.
b. A brief description of the class and shop work
c. The importance of the work
d. An explanation of rules and regulations
e. The school schedule
f. The marking system
g. Assignment of work stations
11. Make provision for explaining new words and
New words and terms should be explained whenused for the first time. No instructor should assume
that any terms are understood by all. It is advisableto include a list of technical terms, with definitions,
in each lesson plan. Test during the presentation to make sure that all students understand them clearly.

Select main points for summarizing.

A summary should be made at the close of every lesson. The important points of the lesson are stressed
in a brief review to help the students organize the information in their minds and notebooks. Sum­maries make for clearer understanding and greater

Make provision for testing.
Both during and after a class or shop lesson the instructor should always determine if the students
have learned it. Testing may be done by asking questions, giving written tests, and checking performance on manipulative work.

Determine specific assignments.
Any assignments should be included in the lesson plan. An instructor must make sure that all assign­ments are specific, and that the students clearly understand exactly what they are expected to do.

by Abdullah Sam
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