The l’Empordà oil is an extra virgin olive oil with a Protected Designation of Origin , which is produced in the regions of Alto and Bajo Ampurdan and in some municipalities of Pla de l’Estany and Gironés , which together form l ‘ Empordà It is characterized by having a clear, clean and transparent appearance. The main varieties are argudell, corivell and verdal ( Cadaqués law ). The Arbequina was introduced at the end of the twentieth century. Olive cultivation and oil production dates back to the arrival of the Greeks.
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- 1 Story
- 2 Geography
- 3 Production
- 4 varieties
- 5 Features
- 6 Registered in the Regulatory Council records
- 7 Municipalities of the Protected Designation of Origin.
- 8 Sources
The first olive samples that have been found in the Ampurdan date from the end of the Bronze Age. But the cultivation of the olive tree and the production of oil are attributed to the Greeks , who arrived by sea in the 6th century BC and founded the colonies of Empúries and Rosas (Gerona) , which would soon become dynamic commercial enclaves. Later, the Romans maintained the crops and the Order of Saint Benedict monks consolidated them, until reaching the current situation, with an extension of more than two thousand hectares of olive trees and a production of high quality oils.
The municipalities that make up the geographical area of the PDO Oil of l’Empordà are within the Alto and Bajo Ampurdan counties , as well as some neighboring municipalities in the Gironès counties ( Viladesens , Sant Jordi Desvalls , Flaçà , Madremanya and Llagostera ) and the Pla de l’Estany ( Crespià , Esponellà and Vilademuls ).
The cultivation area is concentrated on land with poor soils: the Sierra de la Albera and the Sierra de Rodes to the north; the Montgrí and Las Gavarres massifs to the south. Mountainous substrates that configure a characteristic geology, with granites , slates and clays. The privileged geographical location of Empordà, straddling the Mediterranean Sea and the Pyrenees , makes the climate combine mild winters, not too hot summers and the inevitable Tramuntana. All this helps to configure the marked character of l’Empordà oil .
The olive growing area of l’Empordà is 2,632 ha, of which 2,325 are in Alt Empordà and about 5% are integrated production. It is a traditional crop – it is one of the oldest olive groves in Catalonia – which makes up a significant part of its landscape and has been part of the life of its farmers since time immemorial. This area represents 80% of the total area of the Girona region. The annual production is about 800,000 kilos of oil and 4.5 million kilos of olives.
The quality and uniqueness of the PDO Oil de l’Empordà are guaranteed by the specific olive varieties of the area: argudell, corivell and verdal (Cadaqués law); and at the end of the 20th century the arbequina variety was introduced .
The oil Emporda has a clear, clean and transparent appearance. The taste and the sensations it gives off change according to the fruit that has produced it. The argudell and corivell varieties have a delicate balance between sweet and bitter, while the verdal variety (Cadaqués law) gives rise to a fruity, mature oil with a certain degree of chopping.
These varieties of olives, give rise to extra virgin olive oils, limpid, transparent, without veils or turbidesa if filtered is marketed. They are very palatable, very tasty and aromatic oils: slightly astringent with a bitterness and one itching in balance with the fruit and a remarkable aromatic complexity in which aromas reminiscent of almond , tomato , anisats , fennel are appreciated. and the artichoke. They have a maximum acidity of 0.8º and a maximum peroxide value of 20.
Registered in the Regulatory Council records
All oil producers and processors covered by the Protected Designation of Origin for Oil from l’Empordà must be registered with the Regulatory Council of the PDO (CR). According to the latest data provided by the CR, there are 520 producers and 6 manufacturing / marketing companies, the list of which is shown below.
- Espolla Cooperative Winery, SCCL – Espolla
- Empordàlia, SCCL – Pau
- Trullo Ylla, SANO – Cabanes
- Reguilme, SL – Torroella de Fluvià
- Masetplana, SL – Garriguella
- Serraferran oil – Ventalló
Municipalities of the Protected Designation of Origin.
Corresponding municipalities in the area of production, elaboration and packaging of the Protected Designation of Origin Oil of l’Empordà ; Alt Empordà : Agullana , Albanyà , Avinyonet de Puigventós , l’Armentera , Bàscara , Biure , Boadella d’Empordà , Borrassà , Cabanelles , Cabanes , Cadaqués , Cantallops , Capmany , Castelló d’Empúries , Cistella , Colera , Darnius ,l’Escala , the Far d’Empordà , Figueres , Espolla , Fortià , Garrigàs , Garriguella , la Jonquera , Lladó , Lanzó, Llers , Maçanet de Cabrenys , Masarac , Mollet de Peralada , Navata , Cebadas , Palau de Santa Eulàlia , Palau- saverdera , Pau , Pedret i Marzà , Peralada , Pont de Molins , Pontós ,the Port de la Selva , Portbou , Rabós , Riumors , Roses , Sant Climent Sescebes , Sant Llorenç de la Muga , Sant Miquel de Fluvià , Sant Mori , San Pedro Pescador , Santa Llogaia de Àlguema, Saus, Cachila and Llampaies, the Selva de Mar, Siurana, Terrades, Torroella de Fluvià , la Vajol, Ventalló , Vilabertran, Vilacolum, Viladamat, Vilafant, Vilajuïga, Vilamacolum, Vilamalla, Vilamaniscle, Vilanant, Vila-sacra and Vilaür .; Baix Empordà
Albons , Begur , Bellcaire d’Empordà , La Bisbal d’Empordà , Calonge , Castell-Platja d’Aro , Palomares , Corçà , Cruïlles, Monells and Sant Sadurní de l’Heura , Foixà , Fontanilles , Forallac , Garrigoles , Gualta , Jafre , Mont-ras , Palafrugell , Palamós , Palau-sator , Palos , Parlavà , la Pera ,Regencós , Rupià , Sant Feliu de Guíxols , Santa Cristina d’Aro , Serra de Daró , La Tallada d’Empordà , Torrente , Torroella de Montgrí , Ullà , Ullastret , Ultramort , Vall-llobrega , Verges and Vilopriu . Pla de l’Estany : Crespià , Esponellà and Vilademuls .; Gironès
Flaçà , Llagostera , Madremanya , Sant Jordi Desvalls and Viladasens .