When we read the holy book of the Qur’an, of course it is inseparable with the laws of reading and the sign of waqaf in each verse. However, reading the Qur’an must be done properly, properly and correctly.
Reading the Qur’an properly will have an impact on its meaning. The pronunciation must also be in accordance with the makhroj and tajwid . As we know, there is the law of reading nun / tanwin, the law of reading dead meme, and the law of reading the qalqalah as I will discuss in this article.
Maybe for some people, there are those who have been taught to read the Qur’an from an early age by their parents. Even if not, parents usually leave their children at the TPA / TPQ. However, there are also people who are just starting to learn to read the Qur’an in their teens, adults and even elderly. This is not a problem, in fact we should need to appreciate those who are elderly but still enthusiastic in learning the Qur’an.
If we look, even those who have learned from childhood sometimes still forget the law of reading the Qur’an. Therefore, this article is intended for the readers who are still or are in the process of learning to read the Qur’an. This article is also a reminder for some readers who might forget the law of reading the qalqalah.
Even so, this material is specifically usually taught on religious material at the junior high school level. The following is an explanation of the law reading the Qalqalah along with the understanding, types, and examples of the reading.
Understanding Qalqalah according to language means that is motion. Whereas according to the term qalqalah means the sound of letters that bounce if the letter is dead or turned off.
The letter qalqalah has 5 namely:
ba ‘(ب), jim (ج), dal (د), tha (ط), and qaf (ق).
Or to make it easier to remember we can shorten it to BA JU IN TO KO
Types of Qalqalah
There are 2 types of qalqalah reading, namely qalqalah sugra and qalqalah Kubra:
1 # Qalqalah Sugra (Small) صغرى قلقله
Namely the letter qalqalah that marched to death, but there is no waqaf on the letter. The way to read it is by less hardening the qalqalah letters.
2 # Qalqalah Kubra (Great) كبرى قلقله
i.e. the letter qalqalah that is lined up alive, is turned off because of waqaf. The way to read it is by hardening the qalqalah letters.
So, the difference can be seen from how to read it.
Qalqalah Sugra is the way to read it by not hardening the qalqalah letters. Meanwhile, Kubra Qalqalah how to read it is by hardening the qalqalah letters.
Example Qalqalah Readings
اِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الْاَبْتَرُ
اَلَمْ يَجْعَلْ كَيْدَهُمْ فِيْ تَضْلِيْلٍ
(Reads by vibrating, steady, and as if turning over)
(2) مِنْ شَرِّ مَا خَلَق (1) قُلْ اَعُوْذُ بِرَبِّ الْفَلَقِ
(Read clearly, steadily, and as if turning over)
Well, hopefully by studying the qalqalah reading law above we can read the Qur’an well and correctly, so that we benefit from the verses that we read.