Krishna;10 Facts You Must Know

Krishna is one of the main gods of the Hindu religion .

In Orthodox Hinduism, Krishna is considered the eighth avatar (incarnation) of the god Visnú , [1] while in Krishnaism , Visnú is an expansion of Krisna.

Summary

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  • 1 Etymology
  • 2 Dating of the cult of Krishna
  • 3 Legends of the god Krishna
    • 1 Birth of Krishna
    • 2 Children’s hobbies
    • 3 Later hobbies
    • 4 Death of Krishna
  • 4 Sources

Etymology

  • kṛṣṇa, in the AITS (International Sanskrit Transliteration Alphabet) system.
  • कृष्ण, in devanagari script of the Sanskrit language .
  • Pronunciation:
    • [krishná], in classical Sanskrit
    • [kríshna], in modern Indian languages
  • Etymology :
    • In Sanskrit, Krishnameans ‘black’ or ‘dark’. According to tradition, the color of God’s skin is black, although in artistic figurations his skin is usually blue.
    • the word krishnacould also mean ‘attractive’ if it is made to come from karshna (‘plowing’, attracting the earth).

Dating of the cult of Krishna

In the Rig-veda (the oldest text in India, from the middle of the 2nd millennium B.C.E.), that shepherd god did not exist, nor his substitutes like Vasudeva . In those books, Vishnu – who is the god most related to Krishna – is a very minor character.

Krishna and its legends appear for the first time in the Majabhárata (3rd century BC epicorreligious text) – which contains the famous Bhagavad-guita , which is the teachings of Krishna to his friend, the warrior Aryuna – and in later texts such as Jari vamsa (‘the lineage of Jarí [Krisna]’).

There is a hypothesis that a number of regional traditions and deities may have merged into the stories of this god.

The Krishna religion gradually developed in various Puranas (texts written possibly from the 3rd century BC to the n. E.), Until reaching the Guita-govinda poem (from the 12th century) – where Krishnaist esotericism develops – and the Bhágavata-purana (from the 12th century). ) – who dedicates thousands of verses in describing his life and works.

There is a way to deduce the time in which Krishna would have lived, although a clue is given by Majabhárata himself , who describes a time that seems to be after the time of the Rig-veda (the first text of Indian literature, from the middle of the 2nd millennium ane). The kingdoms that in the Majábharata are protagonists – like the kurus or the iadus – had been secondary kingdoms in the Rig-veda .

Vopadeva (1150-1240), the author of the Bhagavata-purana , records for the first time a date of Krsna’s birth: midnight of the rojini naksatra – the eighth day after the new moon of the month of śravana or bhadrapada (August-November) .

Legends of the god Krishna

Birth of Krishna

Krishna made his appearance in the city of Mathura , in the Bharata Varsa region , today known as India .

In this pastime He took Devaki as His mother, and Vasudeva as His father, although Krishna is the father of all creation.

On one occasion, Prince Vasudeva, son of King Surasena, after marrying Devaki, was on his way home in his chariot, accompanied by his new wife. Devaki was the sister of the demonic Kamsa, king of Mathura province.

As the bride and groom passed by in their chariot, suddenly a voice was heard from heaven: “Kamsa, you are a great fool. You drive the chariot of your sister and your brother-in-law, but you do not know that the eighth child of this sister will have to kill you ».

Kamsa took Devaki by the hair and prepared to kill her with his sword. Vasudeva convinced him of the advisability of not killing them and locking them for life in a dungeon. Vasudeva and Devaki began to have children, one after the other, and Kamsa systematically visited them after childbirth and killed them before their eyes. When Krishna – the eighth son – was born at midnight, the guardians fell into a deep sleep and the doors of the dungeon magically opened, so Vasudeva took the baby to the forest of Gokula , near the village of Vrindávana, where shepherds of cows of a tribe of the Yadus lived, who practiced nomadism and lived in carts pulled by oxen. Vasudeva entered the store of King Nanda and his wife Yasoda, kidnapped their newborn daughter, and exchanged her for Krisna. Upon returning to his cell in Mathura, King Kamsa came to kill the eighth son, but by taking the baby, she became a fierce goddess with many weapons (held by many arms), ascended to the roof of the dungeon, from where he mocked Kamsa and informed him that the eighth son had been transferred to another place.

Children’s hobbies

The next morning, mother Yasoda did not exactly remember whether she had had a female daughter or a male child. Krishna grew up as the son of Nanda and Yasoda in Vrindavan. Kamsa, prompted by the wise flying man Narada – who wanted to provoke the creation of Krisna anecdotes – began to send his monstrous demonic servants to Vrindavan.

Krishna killed each monster that Kamsa sent one by one.

When Krishna was a preadolescent, she began to have relationships with the gopis (shepherdesses), girls her age who were already married to the older boys in her village, Vrindavan.

Later hobbies

On turning 13, Krishna left her friends in Vrindavan forever and traveled to Mathura (10 km) with the excuse of a fighting contest organized by King Kamsa. He first killed all the contestants and finally attacked his uncle Kamsa with fists. He released his biological parents from prison, and his grandfather Ugrasena (Kamsa’s father), also imprisoned by him.

Thus the shepherd Krishna became king of Mathura.

Years later, attacked by the neighboring King Yarasandha, Krishna escaped with all the inhabitants of Mathura and they moved to the shore of the Arabian Sea (3,000 km away). On a coastal island, he founded a city, Dwaraka .

He released 16,108 women imprisoned by a demon, and married them. With each Krishna he had ten children, such as Pradiumna, Aniruddha, Charudesna, Bhanu, and Samba.

At 89 years old, Krishna participated in the Kuruksetra war , in which all his relatives, the pandavas and the kurus, fought. At the beginning of the battle, Krishna had to convince his cousin and friend Aryuna of the need to murder all of his relatives. Those teachings are found in the Bhagavad-guita , one of the most sacred texts in India, which is part of the Majabhárata . In the war, which lasted only 18 days, 1.53 million pandavas and 2.41 million kurus died. Only 8 pandavas and 4 kurus survived.

Krishna’s death

Thirty-six years after the war, his entire tribe and thousands of family members, children and grandchildren participated in a large festival in which they drank spirits and killed each other with cane strokes. Krisna leaned back in a tree to meditate, and a hunter – mistaking Krisna’s yellowish clothes for the color of a deer – shot an arrow into his foot, and Krisna bled to death at the age of 125, 7 months and 6 days.

According to the Bhagavata-purana , the surviving women and elderly Yadus performed a great funeral.

 

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