José Ramos Horta . Timorese politician and patriot, he was Prime Minister in 2006 and in 2007 elected President of East Timor , he was the spokesman for the Timorese resistance in exile during the occupation of Indonesia between 1975 and 1999 , he received in 1996 the Nobel Peace Prize .
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- 1 Biographical synthesis
- 1 Government
- 2 Awards
- 3 Publications
- 4 External links
- 5 Sources
His full name is José Manuel Ramos Horta. He was born in Dili , East Timor , on December 26 , 1949 . He was a spokesman for the Timor resistance from 1975 to 1999 , during the occupation of Indonesia , minister of foreign affairs from 2002 to 2006 and prime minister in 2006. He currently serves as president of East Timor.
His mother was Timorese and his father was from Portugal , and they educated Jose Ramos on a Catholic mission, in the city of Soibada .
He studied International Law in 1983 in The Hague , the Netherlands , at the Academy of International Law. He completed a Master in Peace Studies in 1984 at the University of Antioch , United States .
In addition, he took several postgraduate courses on International Law and Peace Law. He was forced into exile for one year, from 1970 to 1971 , in Mozambique , for his pro-independence activity in colonial times.
At the age of 25, in 1975 , he was appointed Minister of Foreign Relations, considered by the people as a politician of moderate ideology.
During a trip to New York, he presented the Timorese case, that is, the problem of violence by Indonesians during the occupation of the territory, to the United Nations .
Thanks to this act, he was appointed Fretilin representative at the UN . Due, among other things, to this participation in the UN, Jose Ramos Horta received in 1996 the Nobel Peace Prize together with Bishop Carlos Ximeles Belo , who was a compatriot of Ramos Horta. He was awarded, according to the Nobel committee, for his continued and fruitful effort to end the existing oppression in East Timor.
Three years later a referendum was held in which independence for the Timorese was elected. This allowed Ramos Horta to return to East Timor after being in exile for 24 years. In 2006 , on July 10 , he was appointed Prime Minister by President Xanana Gusmão .
This appointment took place, in addition to the personal and professional worth of Jose Ramos, as a way out of the violent crisis that had taken place in the country after Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri dismissed 600 soldiers.
Finally, in 2007 the presidential elections took place, which Jose Ramos Horta won with 70% of the votes. He took office as President of East Timor on May 20 , 2007 .
His government has been marked by continuous crises due to the rivalry between the FRETILIN of Alkatiri, the majority in the Timorese parliament and the CNRT of Gusmão, who despite being in the minority became prime minister by direct appointment of Ramos-Horta.
On the night of the 10 to the 11 of February of 2008 , rebel soldiers to the government attacked the house of the president of East Timor, who was wounded in the stomach and back during the shooting.
The rebel leader, Alfredo Reinado , accused before the Timor-Leste Supreme Court of murder, after the wave of violence caused by his expulsion from the army along with 598 other military officers for disobedience, was killed in the attack, and an army soldier, who He was a security guard for the President, he died from the serious injuries that had been inflicted on him.
The president recovered successfully after 10 days in a coma and after five operations at the same hospital where he was taken on February 11, in the city of Darwin , Australia . The 19 of March of 2008 he was discharged.
During his convalescence, he expressed to Fernando Lasama de Araújo, interim president, his concern about the instability and turmoil in the country.
Apart from the Nobel Peace Prize, José Ramos-Horta is in possession of the International Activist Prize awarded in 1995 by the Los Angeles Gleitsman Foundation and the Freedom Prize , in its first edition in 1996 , awarded by the Organization of Peoples and Nations No Representatives (UNPO) of The Hague . In 1993 he collected on behalf of his people the Professor Thorolf Rafto Human Rights Prize, awarded to the Timorese by the eponymous foundation based in Bergen , Norway . The Prime Minister has been distinguished by the Portuguese State with the Grand Cross of the Order of Freedom ( 1996) and by the Italian State with the Medal of the President of the Republic ( 2000 ). He is also an honorary doctor of law from the following universities: Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas , University of Brazil ( 1996 ), University of Antioch ( 1997 ), University of New South Wales Australia ( 1998 ), University of Porto ( 2000 ), Rutgers University of New Jersey ( 2000 ), University of Nevada at Reno (2000) andSunshine Coast University of Queensland , Australia ( 2001 ).