Laura Jane Addams. American sociologist, feminist, and pacifist. She was a pioneer of social assistance in North America and founder of the Hull House , a social institution dedicated to immigrants, with a nursery school and various educational programs. She worked in favor of the feminine vote and pacifism, and pressured the Government in favor of the rights of women, children and youth. His works include: Democracy and social ethics ( 1902 ) and Peace and bread in times of war ( 1922 ). Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 .
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- 1 Biographical Synthesis
- 1 Studies carried out
- 2 Trajectory
- 3 Death
- 2 Tribute
- 3 References
- 4 Sources
Jane Addams was born in Cedarville, Illinois , on September 6 , 1860 . His father was a prosperous miller and local politician, state senator, and government official during the Civil War; also a personal friend of Abraham Lincoln . She was the eighth of nine siblings and never had a vigorous physical complexion due to congenital spine disease.
In 1881 , Jane graduated from Rockford Women’s Seminary, being the best of the class, but was awarded a bachelor’s degree only after the center was accredited as “Rockford College” the following year. There he met and befriended Ellen Gates Starr. The next 6 years were dedicated to the study of Medicine , but he could not complete them due to his health problems that required intermittent hospitalizations; He traveled and studied in Europe for almost two years.
At the age of 27, in 1888 , during his second tour in Europe with Ellen, he visited the Toynbee House, dedicated to assisting the homeless, which consolidated the idea of creating a similar institution in North America. In 1889 he founded the Hull House with Starr, in a building co-constructed by Charles Hull on the corner of Halsted and Polk Streets, Chicago ; with the purpose of “providing a center for citizenship and social life and developing educational and philanthropic businesses, researching and improving living conditions in Chicago’s industrial districts.” [one]
Addams and Starr worked extensively on behalf of the community, raised money, cared for children and the sick, and cared for the needs of people with problems. In the second year of its existence, Hull House attended to two thousand people every week; classes were held and activities were offered for all ages. Later other facilities such as the art gallery, library, public kitchen and others were added.
As her reputation grew, Jane Addams took on new civic responsibilities, a member of the Chicago Board of Education and chair of the School Management Committee. Conducted research on obstetrics, drug use, milk supply, and sanitary conditions; going so far as to accept the official position of garbage inspector in room XIX, with an annual salary of one thousand dollars. In 1910 she received the first honorary degree that has been awarded to a woman by Yale University .
Jane Addams was an ardent feminist and advocate for women’s voting rights. He became linked to pacifist activism by offering lectures in Wisconsin that were later published in his book New Ideals of Peace . She spoke out against the United States’ entry into the World War and accepted the presidency of the Women’s Peace Party and the International Women’s Congress convened in The Hague , later, when the International League of Women was founded by Peace and Liberty served as its president until 1926 and official president of the six conferences held during those years.
Because of her opposition to the US entry into the war, she was expelled from the Daughters of the American Revolution association, but found a way out as Herbert Hoover’s assistant in providing food aid supplies to the women and children of the enemy nations.
In 1926 he suffered a heart attack from which he never fully recovered. His health weakened to death the 21 of maypole of 1935 , three days after an operation for cancer recently discovered.
For her contribution to social work and pacifist activism she was awarded in 1931 with the Nobel Peace Prize , shared with Nicholas Murray Butler .