Jordan river

The Jordan is a narrow river 320 km long. It begins in northern Israel in the Antilíbano Mountains, in the northern foothills of Mount Hermón , flows to the Sea of ​​Galilee , leaves at the southern end and ends in the Dead Sea . It constitutes the border boundary between Jordan and Israel .

The Jordan is the largest river in the Holy Land , the most sacred and the most important; It is mentioned several times in the Bible .


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  • 1 Features
    • 1 Your course
    • 2 Tributaries
  • 2 The Jordan River into which Jesus was baptized
  • 3 The Jordan River is dying
  • 4 Related articles
  • 5 External links
  • 6 Sources


The Jordan River flows rapidly to the Dead Sea where there is no living being. The surface of the Dead Sea is much lower than the sea level. So the Dead Sea water cannot flow anywhere staying only in the Dead Sea.

The main characteristic of the Jordan is its progressive increase in salinity as it progresses towards the Dead Sea. In fact, it penetrates sweetly into Lake Kineret but is salinized from there until it enters the Dead Sea, which, with 325 per thousand salinity, is 25% more saline than the oceans .

Your course

It is born in the north of Israel in the mountains of the Antilíbano, in the northern foothills of Mount Hermón, it runs in a southerly direction through Lake Tiberias , a freshwater lake area also called the Sea of ​​Galilee , and constitutes the border boundary between Jordan and Israel for most of its journey, up to its mouth in the Dead Sea. Part of its course also runs through West Bank lands .

Although it is a river well known in the Bible , it is not very important from the point of view of its flow. It has a length of about 320 km and, except for the presence of some rapids or seasonal floods, it is a shallow river, narrow and slow in its flow. The Jordan Valley, on the stretch between Lake Tiberias and the Dead Sea, about 150 km long, is called the Ghawr (Ghor) Valley . The river, the valley that surrounds it and the two seas meet in the depression called the Great Rift Valley , which stretches from Syria to Mozambique , in South- East Africa.. The river bed runs largely below sea level, as the river descends 395 m from its source to its mouth in the Dead Sea.


The tributaries of the Jordan River are the Snir River , Dan River and Rio Hermon . All of them of permanent and stable flow, with little low water. The Jordan’s diet is threefold: on the one hand, it comes from rainfall (mainly winter ), on the other, from the karst upwelling of the Antilíbano Mountains , and, finally, from the melting of the snows of Mount Hermón in spring . The river thus offers an absolute maximum for this last season, and a secondary winter maximum, while it suffers from a strong summer dry season.

The Jordan River into which Jesus was baptized

Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist in the river of death (the Jordan river).

This represents that all people except those without sin in their hearts face eternal damnation for their sins in the end.

So the Jordan River is the river to wash away sins, the river where sinners die. This is the river of redemption in which all people’s sins were washed away through His baptism, passing them on to Jesus.

The jordan river is dying

The Jordan River, a flow of fresh water in the middle of the arid terrain, typical in the Middle East , constitutes a vital resource, unique and valuable for millions of people who live near it.

Known as “nehar hayarden” in Hebrew and nahr al-urdun) in Arabic , it has lost almost 98% of the historically recorded flow, reaching the possibility of drying out in the following years if the countries that use its waters ( Israel , Syria , Jordan and Palestine ) do not take concrete and effective measures

Israel, Syria and Jordan are responsible for the colpaso of the Jordan River, the river where Jesus was baptized, is now a sewer open to heaven through which thousands of cubic meters of sewage flow, when the historical flow of the Jordan, which begins in the Sea of ​​Galilee and empties into the inhospitable waters of the Dead Sea , 105 kilometers further south, it was almost 1,300 million cubic meters per year.

The State of Israel has constantly diverted the water to use it for domestic use and agricultural production in about 46.47% of the flow; Syria, in turn, 25.24%, Jordan 23.24% and the Palestinians 5.05%. The Jordan has thus ceased to be a constant source of quality fresh water and its current now barely reaches between 20 and 30 million cubic meters per year.

The Jordan has suffered in terms of its biodiversity, half of the fauna no longer exists, otters or owls are a thing of the past. The flora is not the exception, important forested masses in the antiquity, exalted the natural landscape, provided shelter to a large number of animals and regulated the flows in addition to “producing” water in that territory burdened by drought. Trees have given way to reeds , more resistant to ecosystem deterioration.

According to the NGO , the combination of systematic awareness campaigns, rationality in the use, reuse of water, increased efficiency in the use of water, control of leaks and other measures could save up to almost more than 900 million cubic meters per year, that is, what the Jordan River once had in history.


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