Importance of Newspaper cannot be denied from every aspect.It is the great source of information for students and teachers.The invention of printing is an epoch-making achievement in the history of human civilisation. The modern age owes three-fourths of its progress to printing. It has brought many blessings in its team and one of these is the Newspaper. But the perversion of man often urns a blessing into a curse and food into poison. It is no wonder therefore if we sometimes see the, abuse of this great agency for doing good.
What Is A Newspaper And Its Past And Present Function
A newspaper at first was nothing more than a paper which gave news. In its infancy it has no other aim. But as it developed it began to be use for various other purposes and served several ends, with the result, that at the present time it has become a tremendous force in the world. It not only continues, as before, to give news but also comments on them, criticises the people and government, deals with social, political industrial and religious questions, reviews books and periodicals, ventilate grievances and does many other things. In fact there is hardly any public activity of man who does not come within the scope of the modem newspaper. The press, in a word, has now become an organ of public opinion.
Importance of Newspaper And The Good And Bad Influence of Press
But unfortunately the press does not always do its duty. It is prevented from carrying out its legitimate work either by the unfitness of those who manage it or by the unnecessary interference of the powers that be. It is sometimes seen that passion and not reason guides its action. A wrong cause is championed, truth is suppressed and morbid tastes are pandered by it. Libels and treason disfigure its page and truth is perverted for sensational news. All these are instances of the misuse of the great power of the press. But fortunately these evils are remedied in the long run, for newspapers are a check upon one another. The public will soon cease to subscribe a paper which is not\ reliable. The press is therefore the best safeguard against its own misuse.
Dangerous as these evils are, a greater danger comes from the attempt of some irresponsible government to gag or subsides newspapers. Often without sufficient cause newspapers are gagged, simply because they had the hardihood of criticising plainly the unjust action of a government. Sometimes its tyranny and sometimes national jealously and a haughty sense of race-superiority lead a government to suppress or subside an organ of public opinion. Whatever may be the case in a free country, it is a sad and common experience of a dependent nation to find its press frequently gagged by meaningless press-laws and ordinances.
But when it runs or is allowed to run in a normal and rational course, a newspaper is a great public educator. More than what can be done in school and colleges is done by it. It supplies necessary information on the burning topics of the day, tackles the principal social and political problem of a country and brings to light epoch making discoveries and inventions. It benefits every class of people.
Through it the trader knows the condition of the market, the scholars the books published, the politicians the state of the country, the government the opinion of the governed. A cheaper and more potent instrument for educating the mass has not yet been devised.
The press is an effective check on the vagaries of men in power. Even those who are dead to moral sensibility, are afraid of publicity, exposure or ridicule, and these serve as a check on their conduct. The government would be less responsible, the judge less honest and the police less efficient if there is no newspaper to criticise their conduct. So it is a great mentor and stands against the muses of power and the miscarriage of justice. It brings all the questions of the day before the bar of public opinion to be confirmed or condemned by it, and in this way serves a nation.
5 Important Benefits of Newspaper Are Linked With Importance of Newspaper In Our Daily Life
Newspaper Is Great Public Educator
But it is not only a public educator and fearless critic, it is also a great social reformer. It is in the columns of the newspapers that social abuses are ruthlessly exposed and criticised and the attention of the public is drawn to the inherent evils of these customs and practices. The unbiased criticism of their things led ultimately to their disappearance. Thus it is a great friend of the social reformer. The moral health of a society depends to a great extent upon it. Many of the evils which disfigure the society, like untouchability and child marriage, will die in time only because they are being ruthlessly exposed in the columns of the daily press.
Press is Always Great Source of information For Public
The press is also a very great force in the field of politics. It teaches citizens their rights and responsibilities and makes them fit for citizenship. It educates public opinion and teaches people how to vote, what taxes to pay and for what purposes, explains the significance of the municipal corporation laws and by-laws, comments on the proceedings of the legislative council and other public bodies and helps them to develop their civic sense. It stands as the champion of political freedom and fights for its own liberty.
The press is a public organ—the voice of the people—and therefore the freedom of the press means the freedom of the people. In a country where there is no free press the people may be independent, but they are not free in the true sense of the word. The people of France immediately before the French Revolution were to free inspire of their so-called political freedom, because their press was gagged.
The press in self-defence, if not for any higher motive, has ever been the champion of political freedom. Whenever a newspaper fights for the freedom of press it indirectly fights for the freedom of the people. The test of a country’s freedom is determined by the amount of freedom its press possesses. To stifle the press is to stifle the nation. Milton said “as good almost kill a man as kill a good book”, and the remark is also applicable to newspapers.
Newspaper Has Always been A Great Social Reformer
Newspapers also wield a tremendous influence in breaking down barriers between nation and nations and forming themselves into a great comity of nations. It knits up the different parts of a vast continent and teaches them to feel for one another. What stands in the way of our knowing other men is ignorance and, more than ignorance, suspicion and separation. When we come to know about a man we do not dislike him so much as we did when nothing was known about him. Fear and suspicion lurks in darkness. But this darkness is lightened up by exchange of thought and sentiments in the columns of newspapers. These enable us to find out our nearness and affinity.
It Is A Powerful Weapon In The Field of Politics That Is Why Importance of Newspaper Is Everywhere
But it not only fosters international feelings, it teaches us to embrace the whole world as our kith and kin. A sense of fraternity is fostered by it. The spread of knowledge through the columns of newspaper makes it possible. Man all over the world has discovered the innate affinity of all souls, and though he is still far from realising the full significance of this great discovery, yet even now he feels the touch of nature. It is for this that we find that when there is a struggle for emancipation in Pakistan the eyes of France and America are sympathetically turned towards her. No small credit shall belong to the press if that day ever comes when men will realise.
As a cheap and public educator, holding up the torch in the midst of darkness, as a trenchant and impartial critic of public administration of law and justice, as a social reformer patiently reforming the abuses of a society, as the champion of freedom in a country and lastly as the destroyer of the barriers separating man from man, nations from nations, and pointing out to them the prospect of universal liberty, equality and fraternity.