Known as one of the most distinguished artistic avant-gardes of the 20th century, Dadaism emerged at the beginning of the century in Switzerland and quickly transformed into a disruptive movement that was interested in dismantling myths around art and artistic creation. Recognizing its legacy is central to understanding why art today seeks to escape academic parameters.
A word without meaning or with many senses?
If we analyze the name of the Dada artistic movement we already find clues that give us information about the interest that its members had. The words Dadaism, Dada or Dadaist have been the subject of analysis in many different ways and for a long time. However, there is no single, compelling explanation as members of this group never sought to give a specific answer as to why the name. It is considered that it can refer to a meaningless word precisely to highlight the free and disruptive spirit of the entire artistic school.
The beginning of Dadaism is linked to the famous Cabaret Voltaire that opened its doors in Zurich in 1916. In this space of artistic creation, its leader Hugo Ball encouraged different artists of all kinds and areas to produce works of art that broke with the art understood according to the academy. In this sense, special attention was paid to the areas of painting, sculpture, graphics and literature .
Abstract art as a new conception of life
Like many other artistic avant-gardes of the 20th century, Dadaism was based mainly on the break with the figurative conception of art. In this sense, the artists that made up this movement such as Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, Clara Tice and others sought from their artistic creation to deconstruct the traditional image of a work of art. For this they worked with elements, settings, objects or colors that are rare or even understood for the time as ridiculous or incomprehensible to turn them into an artistic piece.
But Dadaist art clearly did not remain with its arms crossed or satisfied with traditional works of art or exhibitions, but we can speak of a mentality or way of understanding the world that was related to a time of crisis, disappointment, violence, rupture of the European order etc. All these questions of context marked the artistic style that he considered necessary to break with all the artistic structures known for the time and show a conflictive and painful social reality.