In the course of history, man has transformed his natural environment, intervening with his action in the artificial construction of spaces that were made with different materials, and that served a certain purpose: for example, Egyptian temples were the place where Pharaohs lived and at the same time where the gods and also Pharaoh were worshiped. In the same way, the Egyptian theaters served for the exercise of democracy by the people and thus also the Roman aqueducts transformed the way of accessing natural resources , when many times they are not close to them.
That action of man transforming the natural environment throughout history is called cultural heritage, insofar as they are considered as a cultural legacy, relative to the existence of man in a given time and space, which indicate his way of life, habits, customs and in themselves, characterize a specific time. In this sense, and in order to preserve and conserve these spaces and constructions, it is that different governments of the various countries have created legislation around the conservation of all those who consider themselves cultural heritage .
On a more global level, the United Nations , through one of its organizations, UNESCO , dedicated to the promotion of education, science and culture, also names year after year new cultural heritage sites of all humanity, also known frequently as world heritage sites . Cases of this type of heritage is the Macchu Picchu , located in Peru, which represents the form of agricultural production of the Inca empire, presenting a unique irrigation system in the world. The Roman Colosseum , located in Rome, is also considered a world heritage site, regardless of whether it is located in a territory where a particular country has sovereignty.
That they are considered as World Heritage sites allows us to recognize them first and to classify them for their relevance, as “milestones” of a time in history, based on their form of construction. First of all, it allows to establish that said constructions may not be collapsed or destroyed under any reason. From the consideration of these buildings as cultural heritage, measures can also be established to preserve their conservation, for example, allocating budgets to restore damaged parts, improve them with the placement of lighting or landscaping in their vicinity, promoting tourism based on the promotion international tourist attraction, etc.