Allergy in children is a pathology that is increasingly common worldwide, according to statistics, in Spain 2 out of 10 children suffer from some type of allergy.
Allergies occur when the body’s defensive system reacts in an exaggerated way to substances it considers strangers.
When the allergic reaction is mild the consultation can be done with the pediatrician, however, if the reaction is serious, you should go to the emergency room immediately as it can compromise the child’s life.
It is important to identify what triggers allergy in children to control their diet or the environment, when the reactions are of the cutaneous type you can request a skin reaction test, if the reaction is respiratory a spirometry could be requested to diagnose asthma bronchial.
There are 3 types of symptoms that may indicate that children may have an allergic reaction:
Respiratory reactions: they manifest with rhinitis, runny nose and cough.
Skin reactions: they manifest with redness, hives, pimples or skin rashes.
Digestive reactions: they manifest with diarrhea, vomiting and nausea.
Suspicion of an Allergy in Children When:
- Redness or skin lesions appear and change location, these redness cause itching and burning.
- You have swelling of the skin, especially on the eyelids and mouth.
- You have rhinitis and itching in the throat or mouth, it can also trigger conjunctivitis.
- You hear wheezing or beeping when breathing, you must analyze whether it is constant or repeated episodes.
- Has a choking sensation or respiratory failure.
- Has excessive mucus and persistent cough.
- Has abundant nasal drip accompanied by sneezing.
- Increases tearing and has a burning sensation in the eyes.
Things you have to know
- An acute allergy can become chronic if it is not controlled in time.
- There are hereditary and genetic factors that favor the development of an allergy.
- If both parents suffer from allergies, the child has a 50% chance of developing an allergy.
- In case of predisposition, breastfeeding is very important as a preventive measure.
- The allergy doctor is the Allergist.