The Ciprofloxacinaibiotico belonging to the family of quinolone and is equipped with high antibacterial activity, in particular against Gram-negative bacteria . It is used to treat many infections of the respiratory, gastrointestinal and urinary tracts, gonorrhea and septicemia.
How does Ciprofloxacin work?
It is a synthetic antibiotic from the quinolone family (agents capable of inhibiting the synthesis of bacterial DNA during the replication phase and of having bactericidal action against most Gram-negative bacteria ).
More specifically, Ciprofloxacin is part of the second generation Fluoroquinolones family, and is therefore endowed with a wider spectrum of action as well as excellent pharmacokinetic properties. Despite the wide spectrum of action and the excellent bioavailability, different microorganisms have implemented a series of resistance mechanisms in recent years that are able to reduce the therapeutic efficacy of this antibiotic, compromising its effectiveness and contributing to the spread of multi-resistant microbial species.
How is Ciprofloxacin taken?
It is generally administered orally in the form of tablets. The absorption of the drug occurs in the intestine.
Side effects of Ciprofloxacin
The use of this antibiotic is usually well tolerated. However, the following may occur:
- headache ;
- disturbed sleep;
- changes in the blood;
- gastrointestinal complaints ( sense of nausea and diarrhea );
- changes in kidney and liver function;
- photosensitivity; isturbs affecting the musculoskeletal system.
Warnings on the use of Ciprofloxacin
Although the experimental studies conducted so far have not shown its direct toxicity on the fetus, it is still advisable to avoid taking it during the pregnancy phase .Since it has the ability to accumulate in breast milk, the use of this antibiotic is contraindicated during breastfeeding.