Horse brake

Horse brakes. Between the teeth and the premolars there is a space that measures seven centimeters, in an average horse, it is called diastema ; A bite that directs the horse is embedded in it, stopping or hindering is done by the rider not the brake, a horse obeys because it identifies the information that is sent to it by means of the bit and according to its dressage, it will react.

The bridle or bit communicates the rider’s wishes to the horse by putting pressure on the mouth, although it can be used as a weapon with very negative consequences if you want a horse that is attentive to the bridle but in no way fearful.


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  • 1 The material of the brake or bit
  • 2 Types of bites or brakes
  • 3 Basically there are two types of snacks:
  • 4 fillets
  • 5 Brakes, basically there are two types
  • 6 Balance
  • 7 Over-balance
  • 8 In riding horses a medium term is convenient.
  • 9 The bites
  • 10 Solids
  • 11 Snack Elements
  • 12 Sources

The material of the brake or bit

The bites of sweet iron that rusts, produce salivation , when the horse is moving the tongue, therefore its jaw is relaxed, to achieve better results dissimilar metals are used, the so-called flavors, generally bronze with fierce sweet.

Bites of stainless metals of compact molecular structure and smooth (bitter) do not produce salivation.

Types of bites or brakes

By tightening the reins, soften or relax the jaw, and in this way, tamely instill the habit of consenting to the reins . If it is to subdue a horse by force and a tool that causes tremendous pressure, what is achieved is aggravating existing problems.

Whenever a sore area is discovered in the mouth, it is best to change the information tool (bit or muzzle) for one that no longer presses this area.

Basically there are two types of snacks:

  • Steaks (snaffle); Articulated mouthpiece that lacks legs and a beard supported by rings that does not perform a lever action. The Tom Thumb for having legs, beard and lever action, even if it is a jointed bit, is brake not fillet.
  • All those who pose legs, bearded and perform lever action.

The muzzle that is not a bite is used to lease horses. This instrument distributes pressure throughout the area that it covers but mainly in the chin , this part is the most unprotected of soft tissue and even with little pull it does callus and in some foals that are being tamed not only callus but bleeding and exposure of the bone. This is of mega fatal consequences; the capacity to resist pressure will be very high, the neck and jaw will be extremely rigid and being a foal the first information he receives is that he is hurting.

The muzzle must be made of a very soft material that is loose enough so that the pressure is exerted in part on the upper part of the nose or shoulder . In this way, the colt lowers its head, yielding to the rein. It is in no way convenient to place additional punishments on the bottom of the muzzle since with a slight pull it will hurt.



They form a kind of “V” if you pull on both reins at the same time. Its influence is directed at 3 seats, tongue and palate. This bite also allows contact with the corner.

Brakes, basically there are two types

  • Loose ones that allow some play or independent leg rotation.

They facilitate the horse to identify the particular signals when handling it with two hands. They are very useful in the transition stage between the fillet and the brake. The flexibility of the legs and their movement favors that the bit is partially fixed producing enough salivation, relaxing the jaw and making the animal more receptive in training.

  • Those with solid or rigid legs that attach firmly to the bit.

Ideal for experienced one-handed horses. The information they transmit is very clear. In caring animals we don’t want instructional splicing.


Resting the bit of a brake on the fingers of the hand, perpendicularly, an inclination is noticed. If the forward trend is called an over-balance. If it is backwards sub-balance.


By hanging the legs forward we will have pressure relief in the beard, when the tension of the rein is relaxed, the more there is an over-balance, the brake indications will be slower. This is very useful for events where the aesthetics of horse movements are rated. Loosening the reins works more freely .

In events where livestock is worked, the overbalance must be lower so that the direction and speed change instructions are immediately understood.

In horse riding a middle ground is convenient.

  • Sub-balance

Except for special cases, it is not highly recommended. By not releasing pressure the animal is confused. With an unbalanced brake, any involuntary movement of the rider’s hand becomes instruction.

  • Lever

It is the action exerted by the beard and the legs of the brake. The ratio of the distance from the tip of the handle to the bit taper and from the bit taper to the leg ring determines the amount of leverage or duress of the beard. The shorter the handle and the longer the leg the greater the pressure. The curve of the legs, the more pronounced back the lever action is less.

The bites

There is an immense variety. The function differs, even between those that are similar or apparently identical. Only when the brakes are machine-made and of the same make and model is it possible that they work the same. Any variation, however slight, for the animal’s mouth is great. Snacks that are made by hand are never identical.

The solids

The ones in one piece. The pressure is transmitted to all areas although not equally, depending on the shape of the bite.

Snack elements

  • The bridge: any projection on or below the bit.

5 centimeters in height are required to put pressure on the palate. Its structure or curvature determine its severity. The downward projections greatly increase the rigor exerted on the tongue and seats. I do not recommend it for non-professional riders.

  • Bridge Width: Determines the degree of pressure the brake exerts on the tongue.

A wide bridge means less tongue pressure. The flavors or barrels that are added to the bridge, increase the coercion on the tongue. Barrels are also used to entertain some restless-mouthed horses.

  • The canyons: parts that go from the bit of the bit to the bridge.

They press the seats. The thickness determines the severity of the brake, less thickness, more rigor. Adding barrels gives the brake more mobility both to coerce and to relax. The deveining and the body of the bit determine the lateral pressure on the tongue.

Variations in the alignment of the bit and grips influence the functions of the brake. The degrees of inclination of the bit with respect to the handle, forward increase the pressure on the palate.

The bite seen from above with a projection in the form of a C (arched), forwards attacks more the palate, towards behind the tongue and seats.


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