The Greek sculpture is considered a type of artistic expression that was highlighted in Greece. Both in antiquity and in its development until today, it was characterized by focusing on beauty in a magical and artistic way , putting detail in each of the aspects so that the final product was undoubtedly perfect.
What is Greek sculpture?
Without a doubt, Greek sculpture is one of the most relevant artistic manifestations of this town , in such a way that, existing the quantity of fine arts that exist in Greece, it surpasses them all , taking root not only in culture , but in the individual identity of each inhabitant of Greece; These sculptures were created from marble, bronze and in some rare cases stone , one of their main focuses in ancient Greece was the Gods who greatly blessed their land and all those warriors who fought to the death for Greece and deserved to be revered and honored for their actions.
- Characteristics of Greek sculpture
- Stages of Greek sculpture
- Representation of man
- Representation of women
- Importance of Greek sculpture
Greek sculpture itself does not have much dating with respect to its origin, however, it is determined that around the 7th century BC it began to take root in the culture of Greece; This is broken down since the beginning of civilizations according to authors who know the subject, since it was one of the ways in ancient Greece to practice rituals to the Gods , in the same way they were used as offerings so that these gods continued to bless their lands and protecting its people.
Greek sculpture, although its origin is still unfinished through its evolution, was more accepted by each individual , in the same way that divisions of the point of origin of sculpture were unleashed , thus creating several ramifications of the original idea , giving it the freedom for the artist to develop his art in a more fluid and flexible way.
Characteristics of Greek sculpture
Greece is an extremely popular and striking area for the cultural value of its objects, however, the sculpture in particular has some striking and striking characteristics, some of these characteristics are as follows:
- Although its origin is versatile , a dating from the 7th century BC is found as the point of origin of this artistic manifestation.
- Its main theme was the gods and warriors who at the time were called heroes .
- They were created mainly to perform rituals and as offerings for religious acts.
- It is focused on manifesting beauty in a subliminal and magical way .
- Most of the Greek sculptures are highly aesthetic, artistic and detailed.
- Perfection is one of the things that all Greek sculptors look for the way to express, which is reflected with the utmost obviousness in their works culminated by their neatness .
Stages of Greek sculpture
Although Greek sculpture was broken down in various ways and had many ramifications that mutated the main objective of this artistic manifestation, it had four stages that were relevant and are still highlighted today , which were the following:
- Stage of geometric Greek sculpture.
- Stage of archaic Greek sculpture.
- Stage of classical Greek sculpture.
- Hellenistic Greek sculpture stage.
Geometric Greek sculpture
This was one of the first stages or period of what is nowadays known as standardized sculpture , in this one goes from rigid and flat structures , beginning to delve into the wooden forms that although it was rough, It implemented to give more life to the figures , at this stage Greek sculpture began to look for the way to perfect itself, so geometric figures were implemented to improve the figure of the sculptures and the digging of the same.
Archaic greek sculpture
This is the second stage of Greek sculpture, this being the way in which this artistic manifestation was catapulted and reached independence , generally the sculptures of this stage were called Apollos since they were made in the name of the victorious gladiators of what the olympic games were in ancient times ; this stage being crucial for what is the symmetry that was beginning to be conceived in the sculptures and what was working in bronze as well as wood and stone began, however, although its evolution was progressing for this stage even the stiffness manifested itself in a certain way in the final products, which bothered the artists too much.
Classical greek sculpture
At this stage is the peak of sculpture, being in the 5th century BC an artist by the name of Phidias who catapulted it and made it shine not only in his native town, but in many nations ; polishing all those sculptures that were poorly finished, taking care of every detail and beginning to give it the shape it should and which is currently appreciated in these sculptures; He stylized each sculpture and they were developed in such a way that they not only expressed an emotion, but were an epicenter of emotions found for the spectators.
Hellenistic Greek sculpture
This is the last stage of sculpture and the one currently conceived in Greece, the sculpture schools are developed more extensively throughout Greece and were planted as a verified study regime ; the sculptures for this time were detailed and extremely beautiful , however, they added realism and a little seduction in each of their finishes, which managed to catch too many viewers with the amount of emotions that these manifested, which could vary between tragedies, joys and various exaggerations.
Some of the materials used in Greek sculpture are as follows:
- Rarely ceramic.
The themes of Greek sculpture were not very diverse, however, the meaning of each of them was what filled each of the inhabitants of ancient Greece, since creating based on religion and gratitude was a way of let off steam and offer for their own benefit, for which their only themes were those of the Gods and warriors , the idea of beauty was progressively implemented , which is why today it is a set of all those characteristics.
Representation of man
The man in Greek sculpture was represented in such a way that he looked erotic, in a certain way, with extreme subtlety, valuing his attributes in a soft way so that there was not so much emphasis on it.
Representation of women
The woman, on the other hand, is represented with a heartbreaking delicacy , it is as if the artist has made it so that it looks slightly lewd when admiring her , in these the attributes of the woman are exaggerated as she is one of The largest sources of fertility , the finishes of the sculptures that refer to women are very good, one could even say that they are magical .
Importance of Greek sculpture
Greek sculpture is one of the most relevant artistic manifestations , not only in its place of origin, but throughout the world , it explicitly transmits feelings, emotions and other phenomena that occurred in everyday life and leads to many regions of diverse cultures part of the original traditions of Greece, thus expanding its popularity.