Does God know everything that will happen? – Does he have absolute control over the outcome of everything? – If so, how is that fair to us? Where is our free will, then?
God knows everything that will happen. The first thing He created was the “pen” and He ordered the pen to write. The pen wrote until it wrote everything that would happen. And then, God began to create the universe. All of this was already known to Him even before He created. He has absolute and total control at all times. There is nothing that happens, except that he is in complete control of it at all times.
“And it will make the resentment of your hearts go. And Allah turns to whoever wants, redeeming him. And Allah is Omniscient, Wise. ” [Holy Quran 9:15]
“Certainly, my Lord is Subtle in whatever he wants. Certainly, He is The Omniscient, The Wise. ” [Holy Quran 12: 100]
And only Allah has freedom of will, He wants what he wants, and it will always happen whenever he wants. We have something called, “Free choice”. The difference is that what Allah “Tests” always, and what we choose may or may not happen. We are not being judged on the outcome of things, we are being judged on our choices. This means that, the basis of everything, will always be our intentions. Whatever we want, we will have the reward. Each person will be judged according to what God gave them to work with, how they used it and what they intended to do with it.
With regard to the real “Day of Judgment” – Allah tells us that everything we are doing is recorded and none of the smallest acts escapes this record. Even if it is the weight of an atom it will be seen on the Day of Judgment and even the weight of the evil of an atom will also be seen.
“On that day, humans will appear separately to make them see their works. Then whoever has done an atomic weight of good will see it. And whoever has made an atom weight of evil will see it. . ” [Holy Quran 99: 6-8]
The one who will bring the evidence against us will be ourselves. Our ears, tongue, eyes and all of our bodies will begin to testify against us in front of God on the Day of Judgment. Nobody will be oppressed that day, nobody will be falsely accused.
He could put everyone in their respective places from the start, but people would complain about why they were thrown into hell without a chance. This life is exactly that; A chance to prove to ourselves who we really are, and what we really would do if we had a free choice.