Glycolic Acid

The glycolic acid is an acid natural, from the cane of sugar , and is part of the so – called alpha-hydroxy acids , its formula is C2H4O3 . Its main effect is exfoliation of the skin . Due to this exfoliating effect, it frees the skin of dead cells and allows creams and treatments to reach the inside of it, thus maximizing its effect, which is why it is often used in acne treatments and to eliminate superficial wrinkles .


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  • 1 Applications
    • 1 Results of your application
  • 2 Risks and side effects
  • 3 Treatment
  • 4 Source


Belonging to a group of non-toxic acids and is not absorbed systemically, it is extracted from fruits or other foods. It differs from the other AHAs because it contains only two carbon atoms and for this reason it is the only one to achieve a deep and superficial chemical PEELING effect , that is, a progressive exfoliation and thinning of the horny layer but with a progressive increase in thickness of the other epidermal and dermis layers, an increase in cellular metabolism, an increase in skin hydration and a better overall dermal structure. It works by dissolving the ligaments between the keratinocytes making them detach smoothly day by day. It is also known as SOFT PEELING.

Results of your application

There are many applications that this product has, thanks to the fact that this substance acts directly or indirectly on various biochemical processes of the skin, stimulates the formation of dermal glycosaminglycans , induces the synthesis of its own collagen , achieving improvements in expression lines, elastosis ( loss of skin elasticity), color changes (blemishes), dryness, acne , oily skin, stretch marks, photoaging, sun damage, acne scars-acne scars, among others. Although its effect is highly beneficial for all these skin problems, it will obviously have to be accompanied by the appropriate treatment for each case. In addition, AHA favors the penetration of other cosmetics, making them more effective.

Risks and side effects

Allergic reactions are very rare and much less than that of any other cosmetic; Some minor irritations may occur, only in cases where the product is misused, which disappear quickly, reducing the concentration and / or the frequency of application. It is not photosensitizing
. It is important to remember that side effects can appear even with non-surgical treatments. There are no serious medical problems associated with glycolic acid, but its use can cause temporary skin irritation and redness. Changing to a milder formula can remedy the problem.


The best candidates for the use of glycolic acid or “fruit acid” are people of all ages, as it offers a gentle treatment. This type of treatment seems to work best in patients who have been exposed to the sun and have skin damage. Glycolic Acid is sometimes formulated to correct areas of uneven pigmentation.


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