Formic acid

Formic acid . Also called methanoic acid , is an organic acid of one atom of carbon , with the simplest of organic acids. Its formula is H – COOH (CH 2 O 2 ), the carboxyl group is what gives the acidic properties to the molecule.

Summary

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  • 1 Physical properties
  • 2 Chemical properties
  • 3 Applications
  • 4 Risks
    • 1 Ingestion
    • 2 Inhalation
    • 3 Skin
    • 4 Eyes
  • 5 Sources

Physical properties

  • It is a liquid acid
  • Colorless
  • Irritating odor
  • Boiling point of 100.7 ° C
  • Melting point of 8.4 ° C

Chemical properties

  • The pK aof formic acid is 3.75. Taking into account that the pH generally varies between 0 and 14 (7 being neutral pH) we could say that formic, despite being an acid of natural origin, is relatively strong.
  • Soluble in water, as its carbon chainis very short and easily ionizable.
  • 79 D dipole moment

Applications

  • In pharmaceutical industry.
  • In the pesticide industry like Triazolone, Disinfest.
  • In the chemical industry.
  • In the leather industry.
  • In the Textile industry.
  • In the rubber industry.
  • In acid cleaning of steel production.
  • Making the pulp of the paper.
  • As a disinfectant.

Risks

Ingestion

  • Sore throat.
  • Burning sensation of the digestive tract
  • Abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting.

Inhalation

  • Burning sensation.
  • Cough, shortness of breath.
  • Symptoms of non-immediate effects.

Skin

  • Redness, pain.
  • Serious skin burns.

Eyes

  • Redness
  • Blurry vision.
  • Serious deep burns.

 

 

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