Georg Büchner. German writer and playwright . He was an outstanding author whose promising literary career was cut short by his early death at 23 years of age.
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- 1 Biographical synthesis
- 1 Trajectory
- 2 Death
- 2 Publications
- 3 Sources
He was born on October 17 , 1813 , in the small town of Goddelau , in Hessen , Germany . His father, a scientist and a rationalist, he applied a coat of primer from an early age with a scientific approach to the world , which would later manifest itself in nature sharp, realistic, and criticism of his writing . He grew up in a stable, pleasant family group, although he eventually became extraordinarily disappointed and pessimistic in his literary style.
He began his medical training in Strasbourg in 1831 , where he clandestinely engaged to Minna Jaegle, the daughter of a shepherd. Two years later he moved to Huyesen , where he began to study philosophy and history . While in Giessen he is involved in the politics of his country, helping to hatch a conspiracy against the Hessian government . In an attempt to mobilize the peasantry, he published a famous revolutionary political treatise, The Hessian Courtier .
Due to his radical political development, he was eventually forced to flee Germany for Zurich . After relocating there, he gave up his political fervor and developed a politically disillusioned view of himself deeply manifested in his three plays, Death by Danton , Leonce, and Lena , and especially his latest effort, Woyzeck .
While in Zurich, he set out to be a researcher and teacher at the university. As a writer , his influences added Shakespeare first and foremost, in addition to the young Goethe and writer Johann Michael Reinhold Lenz , on whose story he based Lenz. He did not identify with any of the literary movements of his time , except perhaps the Storm-and-Stress movement of the 1770s , but it is certain that he had patience for Romanticism or any other fantastic tendency that would put the fact out of focus. of natureraw of life .
Considering his great love for Shakespeare, he was pleased to learn that certain critics compared Woyzeck to Hamlet in his melancholic view and the calculating folly of his protagonist . After his early death , his scientific writings were quickly rendered obsolete by new discoveries, and his dramatic writings fell into obscurity until revived by naturalist Gerhart Hauptmann .
Although scholars have interpreted his works in the most diverse contexts, there is a common agreement that Buchner’s work is ahead of its time and that it will always remain universal. It is said to have precipitated an imposing and powerful set of literary movements including: Naturalism, Social Realism , Psychological Irrationalism , Expressionism, and Existential Theater , As Herbert Lindenberger expressed.
“He is perhaps the only German writer before our century who speaks directly for our time without the need for mediation”
He died on February 19 , 1837 of an undiagnosed fever , probably typhus , at the age of 23.
He published a famous revolutionary political treatise , “The Hessian Courtier.” Also among his other works are, The Death of Danton ( 1837 ): pessimistic comment on the achievements of the French revolutionary , Woyzeck ( 1836 ): unfinished work, has been compared to Hamlet by William Shakespeare and Leoncio and Lena ( 1835 ) : satire on the political conditions of its time .
In addition to these, he completed the introspective story , Lenz, and a work based on the life of Venetian ingenuity Pietro Arentino . Despite the shortness of his literary career, he contributed immeasurably to the dramatic canon, considering himself the inexhaustible source of modern drama , he never considered himself a playwright by profession .
These works were never performed in the life of their author.