The decomposition time of the garbage is the period that a waste takes to disappear from the environment as we know it. Some materials take centuries to decompose.The decomposition time of the garbage is the period that a certain waste takes to be completely decomposed in the environment, that is, for it to cease to exist in the environment as we know it. This time varies from one material to another. Some may even take hundreds of years to disappear.
→ Decomposition time of some residues in the environment
As stated, the decomposition time is not the same for all waste. The rubber , for example, has long indeterminate decomposition. The glass (another example) takes over 1000 years to decompose.
Below is a table showing the decomposition time of some materials according to the “Education Manual – Sustainable Consumption”, which was produced by the Ministry of the Environment, Ministry of Education and the Brazilian Institute for Consumer Protection.
|Paper||3 to 6 months|
|Cloths||6 months to 1 year|
|Cigarette filter||More than 5 years|
|Painted wood||Over 13 years|
|Nylon||Over 20 years|
|Metal||Over 100 years|
|Aluminum||More than 200 years|
|Plastic||More than 400 years|
|Glass||More than 1000 years|
Note that these materials stay in the environment for a long time. While in the middle, they can trigger problems, such as pollution and proliferation of disease vectors. Therefore, we have to keep in mind that disposing of waste incorrectly can affect the health of the environment and even our health.
Why is it important to recycle?
Recycling materials is to ensure that waste can become a raw material for the creation of other materials. When we do this, we avoid the accumulation of waste and also reduce the use of our natural resources , since the materials will enter the production cycle again.
When we look at the time of decomposition of garbage, the importance of recycling becomes even more evident. Plastic, for example, can be recycled , however, it is often disposed of inappropriately. When thrown in the middle, plastic can cause the death of animals. It is quite common to eat plastic bags by turtles, who mistake the bags for jellyfish.
It is clear, therefore, that recycling avoids serious environmental problems. It is essential to be aware of the need for this process. Therefore, avoid incorrect disposal and correctly separate your garbage.