If we are thinking of growing something, whether it is a simple house plant, how to maintain a small or large garden in the garden, we have to think that it is very possible that at some point in time we will have to face pests, and that sooner or later We will have to spray . Pests, how can cockroaches, termites, ants … are nothing more than insects that see in our plants a way to feed. And this behavior will end the leaves or roots, damaging the life of the plant, causing death on many occasions.
Many plaques also transmit diseases that can be lethal to the plant.
If we have these problems, and the prevention methods have not worked, we will have no choice but to start spraying .
Whether or not you are going to fumigate home , or if you want to fumigate in a garden, this information interests you.
Main techniques to fumigate and eliminate pests
The concept of fumigation refers to a set of techniques that fall under a global sanitation and environmental hygiene plan. Depending on the type of pest that you want to fight, in addition to its location, we will opt for one technique or another. For example, we will not use the same product to end a plague of cockroaches at home, that if we have to end the mealybugs that are devouring the plants in our garden.
The first option is usually to buy commercial products to try to end pests in this way. However, if the insects do not stop proliferating, the best we can do is ask for professional help. Keep in mind that if you do not act against the plague as soon as possible, the problem can be aggravated much more than you think.
The aspiration technique is used to eliminate crawling insects, being normally the first option we will opt for. This method only makes sense if insects are easily seen.
A vacuum cleaner specially designed for insect aspiration is used; In addition, inside the device there is an insecticide that will kill them.
The problem with using this fumigation machine is that it does not offer any guarantee that the plague has ended, since it is not known whether all insects have been vacuumed.
This technique is recommended for both outdoor and indoor applications. However, it cannot be used in entities related to the world of food, since it could contaminate food.
The fogging technique can be applied using a fumigate backpack and is usually done on a plant. The process consists of applying a certain insecticide controlling the size of each drop.
An excess of insecticide can end up killing the plant.
Similar to the prior art, with the particularity that a chemical agent in the form of a mist is used. The difference with the fogging is the size of the drop; in this case they have a length of less than 10 microns, which will lead to the formation of this characteristic fog.
It is usually used for those places that are very difficult to access, to work in high spaces, etc.
A bait is used that will have an insecticide or mouse product. The objective is to attract the plague so that it comes into contact with the bait by consuming it. It may end the subject immediately, or it may take a while to act. The idea of this last resort is that it reaches the nest and ends up killing the entire plague.
It is not a spraying technique that is widely used … but rather it is a resource for certain specific areas. An insecticidal lacquer is used that extends with a brush to kill insects that pass through a certain area.
Of course, before we will have to study what is the area of passage of insects because otherwise it will be useless.
Adhesive Trap Technique
It is an easy method to apply, but it does not have any type of insecticide, so it does not ensure that the pest is completely eliminated. They are nothing more than a trap that has a sticky surface on which insects will stick. It is a valid option to kill pests of cockroaches, ants, flies, bed bugs.
The great advantage of this method is that, having no insecticides, they do not pose any health risk.
Electronic repellent techniques
It is considered the only thing of the last to fumigate house , although we do not really spray, if not we scare away insects and surroundings. They emit ultrasound that will scare them away. Of course, this does not end the pests.
Fumigation carried out by professional companies
If the problem is more serious than it seemed, or if we do not want to take risks, we can always call a specialized company to take care of fumigating . They usually offer these services.
- Disinfection:One of the best ways to end and prevent pests is with cleaning. The truth is that in most cases there is no need to fumigate, if not, you just have to follow some simple guidelines to end the plague. Disinfection companies eliminate bacteria, fungi, viruses and any microorganism from any corner.
- Deinsection / deratization:This type of service can be carried out to end an existing pest, or as a preventive measure to avoid problems for the future.
The specialized fumigation companies will make a detailed study of the situation to offer an adequate diagnosis. They will talk with the client to agree what method of fumigation will be followed and how it will be carried out. In addition, they will issue a pest control certificate to accredit the treatment to the corresponding health authorities.