Forest Degradation: Causes, Consequences and Solutions
The unsustainable and inappropriate management and use of forest resources is a reality that human beings with their activities have exerted on forest ecosystems ; and have generated a series of effects on the socio-environmental environment.
In this sense, the deterioration or degradation of forests is the decrease in quality due to various factors of biological wealth on forest resources . And leading to general consequences on the environment.
Causes of Forest Destruction
The main factors that threaten and destroy forests are:
Lack of culture, anthropogenic, industrial, agricultural, mining, livestock, logging or burning and fire activities. Likewise, the extraction of firewood and coal, road construction, urban expansion, acid rain, pests and diseases, environmental pollution, forest fragmentation, irresponsible tourism and many other factors .
Environmental Impacts on Forest Management
Humans take advantage of forest resources with the main objectives:
Unsustainable economic exploitation, production of wood , other forest products, cellulose pulp factories and watershed protection. In addition constructions, biodiversity conservation, open pit mining, dams and reservoirs, clearing for livestock, migratory-commercial agriculture and other activities.
Consequences of Forest Destruction
The main effects of forest degradation are:
Alteration of the surrounding environment, ecological imbalances, alteration in biochemical cycles, desertification, erosion and loss of habitat, biodiversity and soil. As well as climate change, greenhouse gases, ozone layer degradation, population displacement and flooding. In addition to the alteration of the trophic chain, natural phenomena, global warming, diseases and weakening of the quality of life.
The Main Solutions or alternatives to the Environmental Deterioration of Forests are:
Reduction of environmental problems such as deforestation and pollution, reduce overpopulation, promote environmental education, sustainable forest management and responsible forest industries.
In addition, sustainable economic and technological development, responsible consumption, environmental management, recycling culture, organic farming and eco-tourism.
As well as local processing, reforestation such as afforestation, and natural resources with scientific procedures, waste reduction and equity in access to them.
Without a doubt, it is very important to avoid the degradation of forests for their optimal use, ecological balance, absorption of carbon dioxide, oxygen and greenhouse gases. In addition to the biodiversity habitat, combat global warming, climate change and other environmental factors.