In the event of an accident or stroke, the first thing to do is call the corresponding emergency number, since every minute that passes is vital. After this, there are a couple of suggestions that we can follow.
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A stroke or stroke (CVA) is due to bleeding in the brain, or it can also occur when blood flow does not circulate properly to this organ.
As a consequence, after a few minutes, the brain begins to fail because the necessary nutrients and oxygen are not reaching the neurons.
If a person has suffered an accident or stroke, seek immediate medical attention as it is a serious emergency. The sooner the treatment is administered, the greater the chances of minimizing the damage.
Stroke: “FAST” test
The FAST test is used for rapid diagnosis in first aid.
In the event that you are facing a possible stroke, use the FAST test to remember the warning signs :
- Face (Face):Does the person’s face fall to one side when trying to smile?
- Arms (Arms):An arm is lower when the individual tries to lift both ends?
- Speech (Speech):Can the person repeat a simple sentence? Does it babble or is it difficult to understand?
- Time :During a stroke, every minute is important. Immediately call the emergency number.
In addition to these symptoms, there are other characteristic signs of a stroke that come on suddenly. Some of them are:
- Weakness or numbnesson one side of the body.
- Blurred vision or loss of vision, particularly of one eye only.
- Severe headache withno apparent cause.
- Dizziness, instability, or fainting.
First aid in case of heart attack
If the person is unconscious and does not respond when touched or spoken to, the person should be placed face up and the chin raised with one hand .
You also need to check if you breathe by bringing your ear close to your mouth, listening to your chest and feeling your breath . In the event that you do not breathe, you must proceed with the resuscitation process.
Also read: 5 differences between urgency and emergency that you should know
CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation
In the event of cardiorespiratory arrest, CPR can help us save lives.
The CPR is a lifesaving procedure that is performed when we have a victim in cardiac arrest . It must be said that sometimes it is necessary to take a first aid course to know what maneuvers should be applied.
However, knowing the basic techniques of CPR will be useful for everyone, since an emergency of these characteristics can happen at the most unexpected moment and everyone can be a victim.
CPR consists of two phases that alternate:
- Chest compressions: These maintain blood circulation.
- Mouth to mouth breathing: With it, it is possible to provide oxygen to the victim.
First, we will do chest compressions so that blood continues to flow through the organs . To do this, we must kneel next to the patient and place the heel of the hands – the carpus – in the center of the victim’s chest.
Then the heel of the other hand should be placed on the first hand and the fingers interlocked. At a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute, we will do 30 compressions.
Next, we have to do mouth-to-mouth breathing or rescue insufflations . You must do two and see how the chest is inflated to assess that we are doing it correctly.
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What not to do before an ACV?
Many times, in order to help the victim, we do things that make the situation worse. We should not try to calm the symptoms previously seen, since we will be wasting time if it is signs of an accident or stroke .
Likewise, we should not give any type of food or drink to the person who may be experiencing a potential cardiovascular accident.
How to prevent an accident or stroke?
As always when it comes to health, prevention is a key factor. Some risk factors for a stroke are:
- Having high blood pressure.
- Having had a stroke before.
- Having diabetes of any kind.
- Suffer from heart disease.
Therefore, the main way to prevent strokes will be to avoid the risk factors mentioned above as well as other harmful practices . For example, in addition to avoiding tobacco , it is advisable not to abuse alcohol or self-medicate.
In addition, it is also advisable to maintain a healthy weight , do daily physical activity – at least 30 minutes – and eat a balanced diet. Another tip is to check your blood pressure frequently, as well as your blood glucose and cholesterol levels.
As a final recommendation, it is good to carry out an annual or six-monthly medical check-up for the elderly . In the event that the doctor has indicated a treatment, it must be carried out exactly as it has been indicated.