Figs

Fruit tin have different designations depending, in English this fruit called “figs”, in the French language known as “figue” as well as ground water we, in Indonesia Christians know this fruit as a fruit of the fig, while Muslims know him figs .

Figs are one type of fruit that can be eaten. The fruit given from Arabic has the scientific name “Ficus carica”, included in the family Moraceae and is still a relative of the banyan tree.

Maybe some of us Indonesians haven’t seen the figs directly. Because these figs do not originate from our motherland and in Indonesia there are still very few people who try to cultivate them.

Figs come from the Middle East, from Makkah, Sham, Palestine, and Egypt. The fig tree is a large tree that grows to 10 meters. The trunk of the tree is grayish smooth and soft and can release sap that can irritate the skin.

Habitat

This tree can grow in southeast Asia, resistant to drought and cold temperatures, (-9 0 C). And requires partial or full lighting, humidity that is stable and requires optimal nutrient elements to maintain the quality of the fruit. This tree is mostly found in the Mediterranean plains, can grow well in places that have a tropical climate or the hemisphere which has four seasons.

Each climate has a variety that is suitable for planting. For example, for regions that have a tropical climate it is only suitable for planting certain varieties of fig trees and vice versa for tons of tree varieties originating from countries with 4 relative seasons require special care if planted in tropical climate areas.

Besides being able to be developed by means of generative use of seeds, fig trees can also be propagated vegetatively through cuttings and grafting methods.

 Leaf

The leaves are large and curved inward with 3 or 5 lobes. Leaf length ranges from 12-25 cm and width 10-18 cm depending on the variety. The leaves are bright green and have coarse fur on the upper surface but on the underside are soft hairy.

Fruit

young figs are greenish in color and when they are ripe they will turn purple, yellow or green in color with varieties.

The size of the fruit is the size of longan seeds and has a length of 3 to 5 cm. The young fruit can be consumed as a processed vegetable material which is cooked but if it is ripe it is often consumed as a table fruit because of its delicious taste and aroma and taste that is almost similar to the aroma and taste of guava fruit.

The texture of the fruit is tender with medium sweetness level and contains a little of ari but has a lot of seeds. The flesh of the fruit is brown or purple depending on the variety, wet and soft when it’s ripe. The darker or darker the color, the more sweet the taste will be.

Trees and Fruits

Nutrition for Tin / Fig

Fresh Tin Nutrition (100 grams) Dried Tin Nutrition (100 grams)
Calories (kcal) 74 Calories (kcal) 249
Fiber 3 Fiber 10
Fat 0 Fat 1
Protein 1 Protein 3
Sugar 16 Sugar 48
Vitamin A 142 Vitamin A 10
Vitamin C 2 Vitamin C 1,2
Vitamin B1 0.1 Vitamin B1 0.1
Vitamin B2 0.1 Vitamin B2 0.1
Vitamin B6 0.1 Vitamin B6 0.1
Sodium 1 Sodium 10
Potassium 232 Potassium 680
Calcium 35 Calcium 162
Phosphor 232 Phosphor 67
Magnesium 17 Magnesium 68
Iron 0.4 Iron 3.07

Types / Varieties of Tin Fruit

A study led by anthropologist Bar Joseph found fossils of fig in Golgal I village, located in the Jordan Valley, about 8 miles from the old town of Jericho, Israel. According to biologists, there are 700 types of fig trees from the Ficus family scattered throughout the world.

Some varieties of figs, including the following:

Black ischia

This ischia Black fruit is purplish in red with a delicious taste like brown. Black ischia is believed to originate from Italy. At first glance the pear-shaped fruit with a short fruit stalk and the size of a guava water, 6.35 cm long and 3.8 cm wide. While the leaves fingered 3 with a shiny surface. Dark purple to black with a green-colored fruit base

Tiger cache

This panche tiger fig has a small to medium size. The skin is green with yellow stripes while the flesh is bright red. The leaves are short and thick like teak leaves.

Flanders

Flanders figs are one of the most productive figs varieties compared to other varieties. The skin has purple streaks and white stains. If you taste the taste of the fruit is legit, like a mixture of dragon fruit and papaya .

Conadria

This type of fig has its own advantages, because the Conadria fig is very productive and resistant to heat and drought so that it has been widely cultivated en masse and can grow well on the coast or plains.

Yellowish green skin. While the pink flesh of the fruit has a taste that is not too sweet and can be consumed directly in a fresh state or dried so it can last longer.

Long yellow

As the name implies, this type of long yellow tin has a yellow fruit color with a long fruit stalk. The taste of the meat is quite sweet. However, when compared with other types of bua tin, the process of ripening the long yellow figs is somewhat slow so it takes longer to harvest them from the tree.

Negronne

This type of fig is named after the Negronne type because it comes from the Negronne district in Bordeaux, France. This type of fig is also often referred to as “Violette de bordeaux” because the skin is purple almost black while the flesh is dark red and comes from Berdeaux.

This type of Negronne has the best taste compared to other types of tin. Trees can grow upright, sturdy but tend to be short or dwarf.

Benefits of Tin for Health

The variety of nutritional content and nutritious compounds contained in figs, making this fruit began to be known and widely used by the community as a type of medicinal fruit. Some of the properties of figs that can be used for human health include the following:

Lose weight

Dieticians and nutritionists in America and Europe have recommended that tin be used as one type of fruit that can help you lose weight. This can be due to dietary fiber content found in figs is relatively high.

Complaints that are often experienced by dieters while they are doing a weight loss program is the existence of digestive disorders. The laxative content in figs can help to facilitate bowel movements so that it can overcome digestive disorders that we often experience when running a weight loss program.

Reduces high blood pressure and protects against coronary heart attack

Figs have a low sodium content, do not contain salt, fat and cholesterol but contain higher potassium, calcium, fiber, and iron. Some people experience potassium deficiency because they consume less vegetables and fruits that contain potassium and consume more food containing sodium and preservatives. This is what triggers an increase in high blood pressure and heart attack.

High potassium (potassium) and minerals contained in figs will help control blood pressure in humans. Besides the presence of fiber, potassium and magnesium in figs can help reduce high blood pressure and protect a person from coronary heart disease.

Figs also contain unsaturated fatty acids needed by our body, namely omega-3 and omega-6 which have been shown to play a role in preventing coronary heart disease. That’s why people with hypertension (high blood pressure) can start consuming arar fruit regularly to help prevent a heart attack that might attack them at any time.

Figs are believed to contain compounds capable of burning cancer

One of the miracles contained in fig is that this fruit is believed to have ingredients that can fight cancer that harm our bodies. Consuming fig on a regular basis can help reduce the risk of breast cancer and colon cancer, because figs contain high polyphenol compounds and function as antioxidants.

Antioxidants are very important for our body, because they can reduce the effects of cancer-causing free radicals in the body.

Besides the high fiber content in figs can help cleanse toxins in the body, fiber is also able to bind carcinogenic substances (cancer causing substances) that can trigger cancer in the digestive tract.

In addition, figs also contain other elements that are efficacious as an anti-cancer ingredient, namely “benzaldehyde” which is proven to be able to act as an anti-tumor material and “coumarins” that are able to treat the skin and prevent prostate cancer.

Control blood sugar levels in diabetics

Another advantage possessed by fruit figs is a low fat and sodium content, and free of cholesterol so it is suitable for consumption of people with diabetes mellitus. Even “The American Diabetes Association” has recommended that even though fig has a sweet taste, this fruit is safe for consumption by diabetics.

Why is that? This is due to the fiber content in this fruit which can slow the absorption of glucose in the small intestine. And the combination of high fiber and carbohydrates in a concise form, namely glucose and fructose in figs can control blood sugar levels in diabetics

Maintain bone health and prevent osteoporosis

Figs can function like milk, which is able to meet the needs of calcium in the body properly. The content of calcium and potassium in figs can help increase bone density so as to prevent bone loss.

In 100 grams of tin contains 241 mg in calcium. This amount is 2 times higher than the calcium content in milk, which is 118 mg per 100 grams. Potassium in figs is also able to fight the loss of calcium through urine thereby preventing calcium deficiency in the bones.

 

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