Essay on population growth

Today, in the 21st century, the world is facing a major problem of overpopulation which has now become equal to the global crisis.

The birth rate has been steadily increasing resulting in a shortage of resources as demand has increased. This issue is serious like some other global issue, but is not a solution for any problem.

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Essay on population growth, population growth essay in hindi (200 words)

Today, population has become one of the leading problems in the world. This requires quick and serious attention to all of us. The worst situation due to increasing population can now be seen in many countries where people are suffering from lack of food, shelter, pure water and have to breathe through polluted air.

Increased population affects natural resources:

This crisis is increasing day by day and is completely affecting our natural resources as more people are badly affecting the environment as a result of over-consumption of water, food, land, trees and more fossil fuels. In the present day, overpopulation has become a curse for the existence of natural beauty. People are suffering from various diseases due to polluted air in the environment.

Population can cause unemployment and can also affect the economic development of any country. Poverty is also increasing in many countries due to the ever increasing level of population. People are bound to live under limited resources and supplements.

In many countries, including India, the population has crossed all its boundaries and as a result we find high illiteracy levels, poor health services and resource scarcity in rural areas.

Essay on population problem, population growth in india essay in hindi (300 words)


The world’s population is increasing day by day and it is becoming a major concern for the world. According to the latest figures, the world population has already crossed 7.6 billion. The increase in population affects the economic, environmental and social development of the world.

Different countries with different populations:

Population growth is not uniform in all countries of the world. Some countries have high growth while some have moderate or very low growth in their population. This poses a lot of challenges as high growth countries result in a population explosion due to poverty, over-spending, unemployment, lack of fresh water, food, education, lack of resources, etc., whereas in countries with low population growth, manpower There is a shortage.

Effects of Population Growth:

Let us see how the population affects a country in different ways:

  • Increasing population leads to greater consumption of natural resources.
  • The production of essential commodities is not in the form of population growth, while the demand for everything has increased.
  • Increase in unemployment, sometimes due to youth’s misgivings towards other illegitimate ways of earning.
  • The government has to spend more on basic needs such as education, healthcare, infrastructure, irrigation, water, etc. While the revenue is not increasing as per the population growth, the gap in demand and supply is continuously increasing, resulting in Prices of goods increase.
  • Unemployment reduces spending capacity and families spend their savings on basic needs and cannot afford a good education for their children.
  • There is less qualification and less likelihood of employment for children when they reach their working age. This affects growth in the economy and industrial expansion.


There is a need to control the population growth rate in order to save the countries with particularly high growth rate in the world. This will balance the system because manpower is required for the growth of the country.

Essay on population explosion, population explosion essay in hindi (400 words)


Although there is a worldwide problem on population but still in some countries the population is below the required rate which is also a serious issue because less people in those countries means less labor force to support and work for the development of that country.

Over population is certainly harmful for any country in many ways but it also has some positive aspects. Increasing the population increases the manpower for a country where more people are easily found helping in the development of different regions.

How is population growth good for a country?

Controlled population growth is also necessary for the development of the economy of any country. Let’s see how:

If the population of a country is continuous or not increasing, it will create more older people than younger people. That country will not have enough manpower to work. Japan is the best example because the government there is pushing to increase the birth rate in an effort to reduce the age gap.

The second best example can be taken from China because 25 years ago the government here implemented the rule of a child in a family. After a few years when China’s growth rate began to decline and young manpower was declining, they recently lifted the ban and allowed parents to have two children instead of one.

Population growth will create more manpower and greater consumption of basic / luxury essential commodities. Higher consumption means more industry growth to meet consumption. More industry requires more manpower.

Money circulation will improve and the cost of living of the country will improve. People in the country will earn money and educate their children so that they can work for the progress of the country. Basically it all depends on the controlled growth of population. If population growth exceeds the requirement, it will create problems of unemployment, poverty etc.


Population always has a negative effect on the growth of a country, but a country needs controlled population growth to succeed in many ways. Whether resources can be limited to over-populated countries, but additional manpower is needed to generate additional resources and to invent new ones.

Essay on increasing population, essay on increasing population in hindi (500 words)


Population is the count of the number of people living in a particular area. It has reached alarming rates in some countries. Overpopulation can be due to many reasons such as illiteracy, improper knowledge of family planning, migration from different places.

India is the second most populous country in the world

According to the survey, around 7.6 billion human beings live in this entire world, among which a large part of the total population of the world lives in India, i.e. more than 125 crore people. About 21% of Indians are below the poverty line as a result of uncontrolled population growth. This can have disastrous effects in the future and thus it is necessary to control it to live a safe and healthy life.

According to the 2011 census, India’s population has crossed 121 crores and is second in the world after China. Currently this figure can cross 130 crores and in the near future it will overtake China. India faces a major challenge in terms of population growth. It is adversely affecting the economic condition of India and is also responsible for poverty and low standard of living of the people.

To cater to the huge population of Below Poverty Line (BPL) consumers, the government has to spend more to provide basic things at a subsidized rate. As the government is providing subsidies on basic goods, it has been left with the minimum amount used for development projects to grow the economy.

The government has small amounts to spend on social services such as education, hospitals, housing, infrastructure etc. which are essentially necessary for a progressive country. Therefore, the planned growth of our economy needs some effective investigation on population explosion.

Illiteracy is the major cause of overpopulation:

Illiteracy is the main reason for population growth in India. People living below the poverty line (BPL) are not aware of the result of this population growth which is due to their illiteracy. People think that having more children means that they will make more money for the family without realizing its impact.

Sometimes parents wish for a boy because he thinks he will be popular with his name and family name. Sometimes they give birth to 3-4 girls at the will of a single boy.

How overpopulation causes unemployment:

Overpopulation is the main cause of unemployment in India. We can see that for any examination or vacancy, millions of applications are received. It increases competition and sometimes people use bribes to get jobs. It also increases corruption of the system which is a growing concern of India.

Role of government for population control in India:

The government has taken several initiatives to educate people about the benefits of family planning. Here are some key steps:

  • The government has amended the law and set the minimum age for marriage of a boy and a girl.
    The government is creating awareness among people about the importance of family planning, equality of boys and girls, various advertisements on TV, posters in the village etc.
  • The government is promoting children’s education by providing minimum fees, mid-day meals, free uniforms, books etc.


To make a country developed and powerful, every citizen of that country needs to take steps on their own end besides blaming others. Population may be the biggest reason for the destruction of a nation. We must find effective solutions to the problem to achieve success as a nation.

Essay on population growth, essay on population growth in hindi (essay 600 words)


In the present situation, the problem of excess rain falls under the category of global crisis which is increasing day by day. This essay is specifically written to understand its causes, its effects, and the issues of the most important solution.

Excess Population: Causes, Effects and Solutions

Excessive population means the increase in the number of people in a region compared to the number, resources of that particular region can last. There are several reasons behind this problem:

Reasons for population growth:

The growth rate of population in developing countries is high. The reason for this increase is mainly the lack of knowledge of family planning. Most of the people who are contributing to the population growth are illiterate and living below the poverty line. They are doing their child marriages at an early age without understanding its implications.

Most people come from rural areas to urban areas / city for job opportunities or to improve employment and lifestyle. This creates imbalance and scarcity of resources in the city. Improvements in medical technology / treatment reduce mortality rates for many serious diseases. Many chronic diseases or deadly viruses such as measles, chicken pox are being treated with improved medical services.

With improvements in medical science, it has become possible for couples who are unable to conceive, want to undergo fertility treatment methods and have children of their own. Also, due to awareness, people go to the hospital for regular check-ups and deliveries, which are safe for mother and baby.

Effects of population growth

As the population increases, consumption of basic needs like food and water will also increase. However the Earth can produce a limited amount of water and food, which is less compared to consumption, which leads to an increase in prices.

Forests are shrinking to meet the development of urbanization affecting animals in the forest, causing pollution and imbalance in ecology. Due to overuse of coal, oil and natural gas etc., natural resources are depleting very fast. It is causing serious effects on our environment.

With the increase in population, the number of vehicles and industries has increased significantly; Severely affecting air quality. Increasing the amount of release of greenhouse gases due to global warming, causing ice to melt from icebergs and glaciers. Changes in climate patterns, rise in sea level are some of the consequences that we may have to face due to environmental pollution.

Overpopulation has exacerbated the acts of violence and aggression as people are competing with each other to obtain resources and have good lifestyles.
Measures to prevent population growth

Developed countries are not facing the problem of overpopulation because people in developed countries are educated and are aware of the consequences of having more children. Whereas in developing countries, people are not well educated and do not have any proper idea about family planning. If education improves then they will understand the disadvantage of having one or more children.


To live a better life, every family needs proper family planning to provide their children with complete nutritious food, proper shelter, best education and other important resources. A country can achieve success only when its citizens are healthy and lead a happy and content life. Thus controlled population is the key to success for every country in the world.


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