The term “health education” refers to a profession in which people are taught about the promotion, maintenance and restoration of their health. Health in this aspect refers to mental health, physical health, psychological health, social health, sexual health, and reproductive health.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health education as a program to improve health literacy and develop skills that are conducive to individual and community health.
Essay on health education, essay on physical education in hindi (200 words)
Health education is generally defined as a program that teaches an individual or community about ways to improve their health conditions by providing health literacy. Health education covers various aspects, including social health, from mental health to sexual and reproductive health.
Every year, millions of people die globally due to infectious diseases, and there are other reasons like lack of health education and general public awareness. The situation is more serious in developing countries where high infant mortality rates exist due to lack of basic healthcare facilities and low public awareness.
In India diseases like diarrhea, respiratory tract infections and other communicable diseases are the leading causes of infant mortality. health education; Therefore, health and self-hygiene, as well as in the areas of the community, become a necessity for raising the literacy level of the people.
However, the average life expectancy from birth in India has increased from 49–75 in 1970–75 to 69.1 in 2018 due to the government’s efforts to promote health education through a well-trained and equipped workforce. . Also the infant mortality rate has risen to 34 per 1000 births since last decade.
Essay on health education, essay on health education in hindi (300 words)
“Health education” refers to educating an individual or community to adopt a state of better, healthier and cleaner living. Health education aims to raise awareness about individuals and communities on various aspects of health such as – physical health, mental health, psychological health, prevention of diseases, sexual and reproductive health, etc. Health education is a broad subject and may also include health issues such as alcohol, drugs, tobacco and environmental health topics.
Who are the health educators?
Anyone with appropriate knowledge of health and hygiene and relevant knowledge on health issues can provide health education through interaction with an individual or community. However, some people are specifically trained for this purpose and are certified health specialists, also known as health educators.
The Government of India has initiated several programs to promote health care, prevent communicable, non-communicable diseases and other relevant causes. The programs have a dedicated team of trained professionals acting as health educators and medical supervisors.
Health educators interact with villagers in remote areas, educating them on general health and illness issues. Teachers in schools can also act as health educators by educating children on maintaining proper health and hygiene. They can educate children about various communicable and non-communicable diseases and how they can be prevented by adopting health habits and hygiene.
Health education is a necessity in developing countries, in which it can be used to increase health literacy and reduce mortality from various diseases and other health issues. There is also a need for compulsory health education in schools by making necessary policy changes in this regard.
Officers should also ensure that the program is carried out by a trained staff, specializing in interacting and educating children and teachers. Also, teachers can be trained as health educators to spread awareness among students and the community.
Essay on health education, essay on physical education in hindi (400 words)
Health education refers to educating individuals, groups or communities in the areas of health. Its purpose is to educate people about maintaining personal health.
However, in broader aspects, health education aims to improve the overall health of a community. It also covers various areas of health such as physical health, mental health, psychological health, emotional health, sexual health and reproductive health.
The state of health education in India:
The need for public health education in India was realized in the early 1940s, when a committee headed by Sir Joseph Bhore (Indian civil servant) emphasized inadequate teaching on public health in undergraduate training programs for medical students.
Health education in India has improved a lot today, supported by various institutions and has a large number of trained staff including doctors, nursing workers, paramedics etc. who specialize in the areas of public health.
Currently, there are two types of public health professionals in India – one trained in core public health or specializing in a specific public health field; Second, one who obtains a medical degree or diploma before specializing in public health.
However, the state of health education in India is constantly improving due to various government initiatives to improve and grow the trained workforce; Still, there is a shortage of trained professionals and there is a need to increase their numbers and skills.
Role of health teacher / teacher in health education:
By educating people in various fields of health education, diseases and subsequent deaths can be prevented the most. Here role and a health teacher is required. A health educator is a professionally trained person specializing in areas about public health.
He is well equipped with resources and strategies to educate individuals, groups or communities to maintain proper health and hygiene. School teachers are also trained in the areas of public health under various programs to increase the workforce and reach more people.
Despite all institutions offering vocational courses on public health, India lacks a trained public health workforce. More institutions and professionals from other fields need to be involved to fill the gap.
Also, the number of students opting for public health is quite low in relation to other professional degree or diploma courses. Thus, to improve public health, we need to build institutions that deliver public health professionals, create employment opportunities for those professionals and create a career path for them.
Essay on health education, essay on health education in hindi (500 words)
Health education constitutes educational programs directed at improving health and hygiene conditions among individuals and communities. Health education provides information about factors that affect the health and hygiene of an individual or community.
Strengths of Health Education in India:
One of the main strengths of health education in India is the presence of adequate multi-level infrastructure in both the government and non-government sectors. The Central Health Education Bureau works in tandem with the State Health Education Bureau at the block level.
Another strength of health education in India is a skillfully trained workforce. Most health educators in India are either undergraduates or postgraduates.
Another strength of health education in India lies in successful information delivery across states, despite linguistic variations. India has 15 official languages and many local dialects; Even then health education programs are capable of conveying success successfully.
Weaknesses of health education in India:
Weaknesses of health education in India include high dependence on print media, lack of teacher research and traditional training methods, inability to reach all remote villages and no road to professional development for health educators.
Most campaigns on health education rely on print media for publicity in the government or non-government sector; Through newspapers, posters and pamphlets. About 40% of Indians are unable to read or write, which does not allow the purpose to be met because promotion fails to reach the grassroots illiterate.
Another weakness of health education in India is the lack of a path to better development for officials. Not properly organized, this business is non-attractive to youth, who opt for other more promising vocational courses.
Also, the method of training and education in public health is traditional and there is a dire need for professionals to integrate modern technologies with better performance.
Ways to improve health education in India:
One of the best ways to improve the state of public health education in India is to have trained people trained in remote areas. On occasions of public ceremonies – greater emphasis should be placed on interacting with the villagers – rents, markets etc. Moreover, methods such as plays, folk programs should be used to convey the message, rather than print media.
People visiting hospitals and clinics are more aware of health issues and hence efforts should be made to educate them. They are naturally more receptive and benefit from programs.
Schools can also play an important role in the spread of health education. The school is the best place to interact with children belonging to different sections of the society. Teachers can be adequately trained to provide health education to children. On the other hand children can share their knowledge with their parents, relatives and friends.
Also it should be made compulsory for any medical professional to serve a fixed term in a remote village where he has the responsibility of addressing diseases as well as educating people about health and hygiene.
India needs to improve health standards better than ever. There is a need to organize various programs for the poor in India as well as to reduce their poverty so that their way of living can be improved.
Essay on health education, essay on physical education in hindi (600 words)
The purpose of “health education” is to impart knowledge about the measures taken by an individual or community to improve their overall health. India is a developing nation, but various communicable and non-communicable diseases still kill thousands of people annually.
In addition, the figures show varying infant mortality rates from state to state – it is 6 per 1000 births in Kerala and 64 in Uttar Pradesh. The main cause of high infant mortality is the absence of trained medical professionals and people’s own ignorance about health conditions.
In such cases, it is imperative for India to have an infrastructure supported by an equally effective work force to meet the medical needs of the people and to effectively raise the level of health education and literacy.
Importance of health education:
Health education improves the overall health status of an individual and community, ultimately resulting in better overall health of the nation. Health education is directly related to the economic growth of the nation, as better health education results in higher life expectancy and standard of living.
Who provides health education?
Health education is provided by trained professionals – known as health educators. They are certified specialists who hold a certificate in public health or on a specific health issue. The task force of public health education constitutes doctors, paramedics and nursing staff. They are trained in the areas of health and hygiene and are also equipped with the necessary resources to reach and educate people. Many professionals from various fields also volunteer to impart health education to the common people after the required amount of training.
Health education objective:
The purpose of health education is to improve the health status of an individual and community. It teaches a person how to stay healthy and safe from diseases. The aim is to develop a sense of responsibility towards themselves as well as the community.
Health education is very important in developing countries. It provides people with basic knowledge about health and hygiene to shape their day to day activities. Furthermore, apart from physical health, health education also aims to address other serious issues such as stress, depression or other emotional disturbances.
India’s stance on health education:
In recent years the offer of public health programs for students in non-medical professional institutions in India has been increasing. Today, around 23 institutes in India offer Master in Public Health with an annual enrollment of 573 candidates.
The school health program was launched by the Government of India in 2009, with the aim of addressing the health needs of school going children. The program not only caters to the physical well-being of school going children, but also their emotional, psychological and nutritional needs. Every year huge funds are allocated from the Center and States for programs that benefit millions of students from marginalized sections of society.
The Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Yojana (PSSY) was launched in 2003, aimed at making tertiary health services affordable to the public and improving the quality of medical education.
Despite various government programs about improving and promoting the quality of health education in India, many still do not have access to basic health services and are out of reach of public health educators, because of lack of necessary infrastructure at the ground level is.
Many programs aimed at raising public awareness about AIDS, cancer, malaria etc., failed to build the necessary infrastructure at the grassroots level. Adequate infrastructure and well-trained and well-equipped workforce is required to make health education a success in India.