By its definition, family planning determines how many children you will have and how many you will not have, using contraceptive methods such as contraceptive methods.
While it is ideally considered a personal choice, countries such as China and India are adopting family planning policies to control population growth.
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Essay on family planning, family planning essay in hindi (200 words)
India has the second largest population in the world with 1.3 billion people. It is estimated that at the current growth rate, our population will exceed China by the year 2028. According to the United Nations, which made this projection, the population growth rate in India is much higher than that of China. Indian MPs recognized the urgency of the situation much earlier and therefore, the government instituted family planning policies.
History of Family Planning:
India has the distinction of being the first country in the developing countries to launch a family planning program that was state sponsored. The program was started in 1952 and was called the National Family Planning Program. First, the program focused on contraceptive measures such as birth control.
However, with the passage of time, the program included nutrition, family welfare and other aspects of family health such as mother and child health. Finally, to demonstrate this advancement in policy, the name of the department was also changed from the Family Planning Department to the Family Welfare Program.
Current Status of Family Planning:
For decades, both state and central governments have done much to implement the program at different levels of society. This includes spreading awareness through public service announcements and door-to-door campaigns, encouraging the two-child norm through monetary incentives, emphasizing education for boys and girls and focusing a lot of efforts in rural areas Ways to do it.
These family planning measures have certainly been successful, as the population growth rate shows a decrease. However, factors like poverty, daughter-to-sons choice and traditional thinking are the major obstacles to complete success.
Family planning essay, essay on family planning in hindi (250 words)
As of June 2018, the total population of the world is 7.6 billion. Out of this, 3.2 billion people were added by developing countries in the last 50 years. If current estimates continue, 3.1 billion more will be added by these countries. The fact is that the world’s population is increasing significantly and there is no sign of any slowing of this growth.
Importance of family planning
Family planning is required both at the individual level and globally. For a family, they can dedicate more energy, time and resources to how many children they can plan and allow them to have fewer children. It also affects the health of children; If the children are too close or if there are too many children, the death rate is high.
For a country, a growing population puts great pressure on its natural and built resources. Housing the growing population, educating the people, providing healthcare and providing employment – all these factors become extremely challenging when the population grows rapidly.
Family planning is definitely necessary for such countries to control the growth of their populations and have adequate resources for all. Environmental pressures also decrease when population growth slows down as demand for natural resources decreases.
Family planning is required at both the individual and worldwide levels. There are not enough resources to go there and what resources are not evenly distributed there. Therefore, it is absolutely essential that everyone is educated about family planning and the benefits it brings.
Essay on family planning in india, 400 words:
Until the 20th century, people, especially women, could only rely on luck or prayer at the time of family planning. People who wanted children did not always have them. Those who did not want too many children or they still wanted to have children, could do nothing to fulfill it.
The only reliable method for birth control was abstinence, a method that did not appeal to everyone. Now, however, many different family planning methods are available and this availability has led to significant changes in people’s lives.
Importance of family planning
Family planning affects many different aspects of one’s life, the two main ones being finance and health. First, thanks to family planning methods, couples can decide when they are in the financial position of having children. This becomes important when one considers the cost of health care during pregnancy and then spends bringing up children, including food, shelter, clothing, and education.
Birth control allows couples to decide when they are ready to bear these costs. Second, planning to properly care for children helps women’s health. According to USAID or the United States Agency for International Development, if the mother has given birth to children less than two years old or over five years old, both mother and child health may be affected.
Family planning is not only important for individual families, it is also important for countries and the world. One of the biggest problems we are facing today is excessive population. We have a global population that exceeds the resources available to us.
Family planning helps bring down the growth rate of the population so that the burden on our resources, if not at all easy, does not increase at least. China’s one-child policy and India’s two-child policy are examples of countries using family planning methods to control their populations.
While most people often use birth control and family planning equally, the fact remains that family planning does more than just prevent conception. It is the best way for couples to chart their future, for women to control their own bodies, and for countries to control population growth. Many may disagree on religious or moral grounds, but the fact remains that family planning is an absolute necessity in the 21st century.
Essay on family planning, family planning in india essay in hindi (450 words)
Since the last century, family planning methods have really come into their own. Where once abstinence was the only way to ensure that there would be no pregnancy, family planning methods these days allow men and women to have healthy sex lives and have children only when they are ready for that commitment.
Effect of family planning methods:
However, the overall effect is much higher than was initially believed.
Physical autonomy: Although sexual intercourse occurs between two consenting partners, it is the woman who becomes pregnant if no birth control is used. Its impact on a woman’s life is impossible. For a long time, women had no way of ensuring pregnancy prevention.
However, now birth control methods are easily and in many cases, freely available, women have more autonomy over their bodies. They can decide when they want children, when they want them and when they want them. They can ensure that they have achieved their personal, professional and financial goals without worrying about unplanned pregnancies.
Health facilities: Various studies have shown that women who take oral contraceptive pills for five or more years are less likely to suffer from ovarian cancer. These pills also reduce the chances of ovarian cysts. Birth control pills are also often prescribed to regulate the irregular menstrual cycle, reduce the intensity of menstrual cramps, and deal with other symptoms.
Family planning methods have the greatest impact on maternal mortality, especially in developing countries. Birth control has been reduced in the number of women who die due to unsafe methods of contraception.
Population control: Although family planning methods are useful for couples, when they want to start a family, they have a major impact on the major area of population development globally. Before coming up with birth control methods, a woman can have anywhere between 12 and 15 pregnancies during her life – a factor that contributes greatly to overpopulation. With birth control, women can decide when and how much they want to have children, effectively slowing population growth.
Birth control methods have had a wide impact on various fields. The availability of birth control has empowered women, allowed families to decide the right time to start or continue their families and helped governments control their populations.
The use of contraceptives has been objected to primarily on the basis of religion or morality, but overall, it is absolutely clear that family planning methods are taking shape and will continue to shape our future whether it is at the individual level. Or a global scale
Essay on family planning, essay on family planning in hindi (500 words)
India has the distinction of being the first country in developing countries to launch a state-supported family planning program. The need for such a program is obvious when one looks at the statistics regarding the Indian population.
Currently, India has the second largest population in the world at 1.3 billion. The national fertility rate is quite high; Every 20 days, about one million people join its population. The United Nations has estimated that by the year 2028, India will overtake China in terms of population. Fortunately, the Government of India recognized the scope of this problem and started family planning measures some time ago.
History of family planning in India
Raghunath Dhondo Karve was the first prominent person to recognize the need for population control. Karve urged the Indian government to take steps for population control programs, an effort that was opposed by Mahatma Gandhi on the grounds that people should exercise self-control rather than birth control.
By 1951, it had become clear to the Government of India that family planning was becoming increasingly necessary in the face of a growing population. This is when the government has decided to create a family planning program that will be state sponsored. Five-year plans were given space; These plans focused on economic development and restructuring. However, in 1971, the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi implemented a policy of forced sterilization.
Ideally, men who had two or more children were to be sterilized, but the program sterilized many men who were unmarried or who politically opposed the rule. By the time a new government came to power, the damage had been done; Many people viewed family planning as evasive. Therefore, the government decided to shift its focus to birth control measures for women.
Family planning in recent years:
The measures taken in this have not completely failed. In fact, between 1965 and 2009, the use of contraceptives increased from 13 percent to 48 percent among women. During the years between 1966 and 2012, the fertility rate has decreased to less than 5.7. States have also adopted two-child policies, in which they can prevent people with more than two children from applying for a government job.
However, India still has a long way to go. While most women are aware of birth control measures, they cite difficulty in accessing these measures. When it comes to children, the traditional mindset of most Indians does not help either.
Furthermore, while fertility rates have decreased, this population is not sufficient to control the explosion. India needs to make more efforts to ensure that population growth is brought under control.
Essay on family planning, essay on family planning in hindi (900 words)
In its most basic form, family planning refers to how many children you will have, when and how they will be housed. Families may take various factors into consideration when deciding on family planning, such as their finances, their health, and their priorities.
They have many different methods available for this purpose. While the only fool-proof method is abstinence, there are many other methods of birth control, which are not 100 percent effective when used regularly and properly.
Methods of family planning
Some methods of birth control are available for men and women. They can choose the method they want to use based on habits, health issues, and personal preferences.
Birth control methods are divided into three broad categories.
Barrier methods can be used by both men and women. As the name suggests, these methods act as inhibitors for sperm, ensuring that the sperm does not enter the cervix or if it does, it is inefficient. These methods include the following:
- Condom– A thin sheath made of polyurethane or latex is known as a condom. Condoms are available for both men and women. For men, the condom should go directly above the penis, while for women it is located inside the vagina before an orgasm. Condom must be worn every time during sexual intercourse. Condoms are readily available at most chemists and do not require a prescription in advance.
- Cervical cap and diaphragm– both methods are used by women. The diaphragm is a rubber cup that is flexible. It is filled with cream or jelly which is spermicidal. It needs to be inserted into the vagina before intercourse, as long as it does not remain on the cervix. It prevents sperm from penetrating the cervix and spermicide jelly or cream kills or kills sperm.
- Vaginal sponges –These are soft sponges that contain a spermicidal chemical and should be moistened into a woman’s vagina before sexual intercourse. A prescription is not required to buy vaginal sponges, which are available with a local pharmacy or chemist.
- Hormonal methods – There arebirth control methods that use hormones as a means of preventing pregnancy. They contain either progestin only or progestin and estrogen. Since they affect hormonal balance inside the body, they must be prescribed by a physician.
- Birth control pills– One of the most common methods of birth control, these pills may contain only progestin or a combination of estrogen and proline.
- Implants– As the name suggests, these are small sticks that are inserted under the skin and release constant doses of hormones to prevent ovulation.
- Injections– These are birth control shots that are normally progestin and injected into the buttocks or upper arm once every three months.
- Skin patch– It is a patch that contains hormones and can be placed on parts of the body such as the shoulder. Once applied, it maintains a steady stream of hormones in the body.
- Morning after contraception– It is also known as morning after pill and should be taken within 72 hours of sexual intercourse. No prescription is required and it is readily available at a chemist.
- IUD or intrauterine device –A very reliable and long-term method of contraception, the IUD is a copper or plastic device inserted into the vagina by a health care professional. It can be left anywhere between five and ten years and there is only a one percent chance that a woman will become pregnant on the IUD.
Permanent methods of family planning
These methods are best used by women and men who have decided not to have any more children. Sterilization and tubal ligation fall into this category. Sometimes, people who have gone through one of these processes want them to reverse it and it can happen. However, the possibility of successfully conceiving later is not very likely.
Birth control allows men and women to have autonomy over their bodies and decide when and how they want to start or continue families. For more information, people should go to their local health workers or medical practitioners.
It is very important that men and women research the various options available and then decide because some of these methods can cause health issues while others are quite permanent and if they change their mind they should not be reversed.