English adverbs

Adverbs, both in English and in other languages, help us to increase our text, giving us subsidies to modify verbs, adjectives and even other adverbs.

Many people don’t understand the purpose of using an adverb and as a result, many grammatical mistakes are made. The adverbs are used to describes or modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb. When we use the adverbs with a verb it’ll describe or modify the action, explaining it. / Many people do not understand the purpose of using adverbs and, as a result, many grammatical mistakes are made. Adverbs are used to describe or modify a verb, an adjective or another adverb. When we use adverbs with a verb, they describe or modify the verbal action, explaining it.

Look at the examples: / See examples:

a) They quickly walk. / They run quickly.

b) He slowly reads. / He reads slowly.

c) She happily smiles. / She smiles with a lot of joy (literally: happily).

With other adverbs or adjectives we can add more information about them in the sentences using the adverbs. / Using adverbs with other adverbs or adjectives, we can add more information to them in sentences.

Look at the examples: / See examples:

a) They very quickly walk. → In this case QUICKLY (adverb) is describing the word walk. VERY is another adverb, but it’s describing the adverb quickly. / They walk quickly. → In this case, the adverb Quickly is describing the word walk. Very (very) is another adverb, but he is describing the adverb quickly .

b) She is a very beautiful woman. → In this case we are using the adverb to modify the adjective. BEAUTIFUL is an adjective describing the noun woman and VERY is an adverb describing the adjective beautiful. / She is a very beautiful woman. → In this case, we use the adverb to modify the adjective. Beautiful / Bonita is an adjective describing the noun mulher and Very / Muito is an adverb describing the adjective beautiful / bonita.

If a word is used in a text to modify a verb or an adjective, so we know that’s an adverb, because it has this function, it’s putted on the text or on the sentence to cause a modification on the elements of the sentence (verb / adjective / adverb). / If a word is used in the text to modify a verb or an adjective, then we know that it is an adverb, as it has this function: it is placed in the text or in the sentence to cause a change in the elements of the sentence (verb / adjective) / adverb).

The presence of -ly in the end of the word is another way to identify the adverb, once that the most part of them present this termination. / The presence of -ly at the end of the word can be another way of identifying the adverb, since the vast majority of them have this ending, which is equivalent to the suffix “mente” in Portuguese.

Some examples are: Quickly, happily, sadly, slowly. / Some examples are: Quickly, happily, sadly, slowly.

When we say “She happily walks”, we know that HAPPILY is an adverb for two reasons: 1- because its describing the word walks, and 2- because it ends in – ly . / When we say “She walks very happily” (literally: happily), we know that happily (happily) is an adverb for two reasons: 1 – because she is describing the word walks, and 2 – because it ends in – ly.

Let’s take a look in some examples of adverbs. / Let’s take a look at some examples of adverbs.

Examples of adverbs ending with – ly: / Examples of adverbs ending with – ly:

Eternal ly → Eternally

Delicate ly → Delicately

Sorrowful ly → Sorry

Beautiful ly → Beautifully

Truthful ly → Truly

Financial ly → Financially

Abrupt ly → Abruptly

Endless ly → Infinitely

Delightful ly → Pleasantly

Quick ly → Quickly

Light ly → Lightly (translated to the letter is illuminated)

Examples of adverbs ending with – ly saying how something was done or the manner in which it was done. / Examples of adverbs ending in – ly that say how something was done or the way it was done:

Easi ly → Easily

Weird ly → Strangely

Cheerful ly → Excitedly

Brisk ly → Agile (quickly, agile)

Sloppi ly  Sloppy

Wicked ly → Wickedly / Wickedly

Random ly → Randomly

Brutal ly → Brutally / Cruelly

Real ly → Really

Exper tly → Skillfully

The adverbs of frequency, tells us when something happened or happen. Look at the examples: / The adverbs of frequency indicate when something happened or happens. Here are some examples:

Often → Often

Rarely → Rarely

Usually → Generally

Always → Always

Never → Never

Last → Last (time)

First → First

Monthly → Monthly

Yesterday → Yesterday

Tomorrow → Tomorrow

Early → Early

Today → Today

Later → Later

Adverbs that describes to what extent an action was executed: / Adverbs that describe the level at which an action was performed:

Very → Very (generally used for the positive side → very happy = very happy)

Enough → Enough

Too → Too much (usually used on the negative side → too tired = too tired // too sad = too sad)

Quite → Completely / Absolutely

Almost → Almost

So → Tanto / That way / So

Rather → Preferably

We can also use the adverbs to intensify something in the sentence, for example: / We can also use adverbs to intensify something in a sentence, for example:

really don’t want to see you. / I really don’t want to see you.

You simply don’t get it! / You just don’t understand!

I’m certain of my decision about it, I’m sure! / I’m sure of my decision, I’m sure!

She literally loves him. / She literally loves him.

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