What Are the Different Types of Joint Replacement Surgery?

There are various types of joint prosthesis surgery that can be performed by a skilled surgeon. Hip prosthesis surgery and knee replacement surgery are two of the most common procedures performed in joint replacement. Shoulder replacement surgery is also quite common. Another type of artificial joint prosthesis involves surgery on the joints of the fingers and toes. Elbow joint replacement is yet another type, and it is also known as prosthetic surgery.

Many patients choose to have joint prosthesis surgery in an attempt to restore mobility and better function. The joints that have been damaged due to chronic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis can greatly limit the degree of movement and flexibility of some individuals. If muscle and cartilage degeneration surrounding the joints occurs, the patient may lose all functionality over a period of time.

There are different types of material used in the manufacture of artificial joints. One cement type of material can adhere to the bone, while another type of porous material can be used without cement-like luminaire. Silicone and zirconium are other materials used for joint replacement parts and materials.

There has been a development in knee replacement surgery that allows for a more non-invasive procedure. There is also a procedure called a single compartmental knee prosthesis surgery. This is a partial replacement of the knee joint. Generally, on arthritis patients who have lost mobility, only the more severely damaged areas of a joint are removed and replaced with an artificial part. Recovery time varies, but hospital admissions are generally anywhere from four to seven days, depending on the patient’s age and other factors.

Hip prosthesis surgery is more invasive and generally requires more recovery time and rehabilitation. To reduce the risk of post-operative infection, a course of antibiotics may be prescribed, especially for high-risk patients or the elderly. Blood thinners may also be prescribed after surgery, as well as painkillers.

Conditions such as calcific tendonitis or bursitis can sometimes lead to scar tissue and degeneration of the shoulder or elbow joint. This type of condition is often seen in professional athletes, such as baseball players and tennis players. If severe enough, shoulder or elbow replacement surgery may be suggested. The same type of joint replacement may be indicated for accident victims who have lost the function of an arm, or shoulder.

Arthritis patients, as well as accident victims who have limited mobility of a finger or toe joint may choose to receive arthroplasty of a finger or toe. This can be crucial in helping the patient recover from the use of a hand, or the ability to walk properly. While silicone has been the primary implant material, new advances and breakthroughs in technology may pave the way for a more efficient component in the future.

  • Hip replacement is one of the more invasive joint replacement surgeries,.
  • Many patients choose to have arthritis surgery to help restore joint mobility and function.
  • Doctors may recommend hip replacement because of any type of degenerative disease that makes it impossible to restore the natural hip to health.
  • An X-ray of the pelvic area shows a new hip.

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