There are 4 types of lemon known: Sicilian, Tahiti, Galician and cloves or hillbilly. Despite many similarities, each type has different characteristics and are used for different purposes.
It is worth mentioning that only the Sicilian is a true lemon. The rest are acidic limes, derived from the original lemon.
Lemons are fruits of the lemon tree, which, unlike other plants that generate citrus varieties, produces fruits continuously.
The differences between lemons are based on size and flavor, and can vary in color, ranging from green to orange. They are fruits widely used all over the world, being the main ingredient of the most famous drink in Brazil, the caipirinha.
Commonly called “real lemon”, Sicilian is the oldest type of lemon in the world. More acidic than the other lemons, it is often used in cooking for sweets, sauces and liqueurs.
Sicilian lemon has an elongated shape and the yellow peel is quite thick.
Although known for its good smell, it is not as juicy as other varieties. And the concentrated acidity makes it used in several dishes, such as risottos.
Known for being the main ingredient of caipirinha, the tahiti lemon is the most commercialized type in Brazil. Very juicy and with few seeds inside, tahiti is the sweetest and least acidic among lemons, perfect also for lemonades.
With a rounded shape and smooth, green peel, the tahini lemon can be used for purposes outside the kitchen. It is often used to eliminate odors and to make home remedies.
It is worth remembering that tahiti is an acidic lime, originally from the real lemon.
Galician lemon, which is also an acid lime originating from real lemon, has a round shape and a thin, light green or orange peel. It is a lemon known to be tasty, even if small in size.
It is one of the most used types of lemon in cooking, being very popular in ice cream, sauces, spices, drinks, sweets and juices.
In the past, it was the lemon used in caipirinha. However, due to scarcity at a certain time, it was replaced by tahiti, which ended up taking its place in the drink recipe permanently.
Clove lemon or redneck
Also known as “pink lemon”, this variety is the result of a cross between lemon and tangerine. Due to its appearance, with orange peel that approaches red, it is common to be confused with a small orange.
The taste and aroma of the clove lemon are striking. For this reason, they are much in demand for marinating meats and replacing vinegar in salads. With a bacterium that affects the peel of the fruit, but that is not harmful to humans, the clove lemon may not look as attractive, but it is one of the juiciest.
Lemons are known for their high vitamin C content. They are also sources of minerals such as calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, among others.