Clause, will be discussed in this article. Have you ever made a clause for your Indonesian assignment? What do you understand about clauses? Here we will explain a lot of things related to clauses. So you can understand the types of clauses. So study well …
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Definition of Clause
A clause is a unit consisting of subject and predicate. The subject and predicate, whether accompanied by object, supplement, and description, or not accompanied by the three things. The clause is different from the sentence, because it does not use the element of intonation.
The clause uses part of a sentence. The same is true with other opinions which state that a clause is a collection of words that has at least or at least one object and one predicate. The clause does not contain pauses, intonations, tempo, and tone, as in a sentence.
The clause consists of two parts, namely the main clause and the subordinate clause. Each of the two clauses can be explained as follows.
- The subordinate clause is a clause that cannot stand alone and the contents in the clause are incomplete.
- The main clause is a clause that can stand alone and the contents of the clause can be understood.
Examples of main clauses and subordinate clauses are as follows:
When it rains, the students wear raincoats well.
When it rains (is a subordinate clause)
Students wear raincoats well (is the main clause)
Both the main clause and compound clause, can be used in multilevel and mixed compound sentences. In a compound sentence, the main clause can also be referred to as the parent sentence, atasa clause, or main clause.
Furthermore, besides the main clause in can be used in a compound sentence, subordinate clause can also be. In compound sentences, subordinate clauses are an extension of one function that exists in a sentence. Subordinate clauses can be said as clauses. In fact, subordinate clauses can also be marked using conjunctions.
The subordinate clause is called a clause, due to its low position in multilevel compound sentences. Whereas the main clause has a higher position in multilevel compound sentences.
However, both the main clause and the subordinate clause can occupy the position at the beginning of a sentence. How was the writing? This can be explained as follows, if the main clause starts in a sentence, then a comma should be given.
Commas are used as separators of main clauses from subordinate clauses. Furthermore, if at the beginning of the sentence is a subordinate clause, then the use of commas as a separator between subordinate clauses with the main clause.
There are several conjunctions which can be used in a multilevel compound sentence adjusted to the function of conjunctions, i.e.
- To declare time, inter alia can use after, after, since
- To state the conditions or conditions, among others, can use if, origin, if.
- If you state a presupposition, you can use, for example, and suppose.
- To state the purpose, one can use order and order.
- To express resistance, among others, you can use it though and not.
- To state the reasons, among others, can use cause and cause.
- To state the consequences, one can use up to and then.
- To make a comparison, it can be used like and like.
You already understand the meaning of the clause. So that clause can be in the form of a subject or a predicate. The clause is also different from the sentence. However, there are also clauses that can turn into major sentences, which you can find when learning the types of clauses. Next, we will learn about the types of clauses. Please note carefully the discussion below.
Also learn: Definition and Types of Conjunction
Types – Clause Types
There are several types of clauses. Well, the different types of clauses are distinguished by structure and based on the categories that are predicated in the clause. Based on its structure, clauses are divided into two things.
What are those? Namely free clause and bound clause. A free clause is a clause that has complete elements. The complete element has at least a subject and a predicate. Thus, the clause has the ability to be a major sentence.
An example of a free clause that is able to become a major sentence, is as follows.
My brother is still healthy and my brother is brave . The clause in being a major sentence by intonation given at the end. Namely as follows.
- My brother is still healthy.
- My brother is brave.
Next, after describing the free clause, it will be explained again about the bound clause. Bound clauses have incomplete structure. The elements contained in the clause can be either subject or statement only.
Unlike the free clause that can be a major sentence. The bound clause is not capable of being a major sentence. The bound clause can be known from the existence of conjunctions or connectors between words, between clauses, inter-phases, and between spaces that are in front of it.
Then, the difference in clauses can be distinguished based on the category of elements that are able to become a predicate, can be divided into five clauses. These clauses are nominal clauses, verbal clauses, ajektival clauses, adverbial clauses, and prepositional clauses. Each type of clause can be explained as follows.
- Listen verbally
is a clause whose predicate uses the verbal category. Examples of verbal clauses are: brother dancing, the chicken lays eggs, and dad bathing.
Verbal clauses are still divided into two, due to various types of verbs, namely transitive clauses and intransitive clauses.
Transitive clause is a clause in which the predicate is a transitive verb or that requires an object. Example: Ani reads a skill book.
An intransitive clause is a clause in which the predicate is intransitive or does not require an object. Example: Budi runs around .
- Klausa nominal
is a clause whose predicate is a nominal noun or phase. Example: You are now a physics teacher .
- Adjective Clause
is a clause whose predicate as an adjective category, both tangible words and phrases. Example: The office is very hot .
- Klausa adverbial
is a clause whose predicate is adverbial. The adverbial clause is very limited in Indonesian. This is in line with the number of words and adverbial phrases that are not in large numbers. An example of an adverbial clause is how mischievous it is .
- Klausa preposisional
is a clause whose predicate is in the form of a phrase as a preposition category. Example: Ulvi in the room, Mother goes to the market, and Anton from Jakarta. Prepositional clauses in found in a variety of languages that are not standard. Perpositional clauses can become verbal clauses, if they are accompanied by information that exists , comes , and goes .
- Klausa numeral
is a clause in which the predicate is a numerical word or phrase. Examples of numerical clauses, namely the allowance of two million a month, ten cars . Construction in numerical clauses is considered wrong in standard Indonesian. The truth is that the allowance is two million a month, there are ten cars . The words with and are shown in verbs, so the numerical clause is called the verbal clause. Similar to the prepositional Klusa, numerical clauses are also found in a variety of Indonesian languages that are not standardized.