The decorative painting is that we apply to decorate a utilitarian object, everyday, we can speak from a jug to a cabinet, it is from a small to a large area. It can be made of wood, metal, ceramic, fabric, etc.
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- 1 Origins and evolution
- 2 Design Features
- 3 Materials used
- 4 Significance
- 5 News
- 1 Current decorating procedures
- 6 Sources
Origins and evolution
While looking for its origins in Europe, we can say, by analyzing its application, that it was born with the first civilizations, with primitive man, when he tried (whether to identify himself, mark his territory, belongings or situation or simply express himself) to leave its seal on the cave walls , its utensils, etc.
With the man himself, he grew and perfected, using different materials. This is how each culture developed with its own label, hence the different styles of each region and each country. In all cases it is the intervention of the individual on the environment and the objects that surround it through an artistic expression that over time has been refined in techniques and styles.
The evolution of the Painting in the different objects of daily use, including the walls, develops simultaneously in different cultures.
Little by little, the human figure dominated artistic expression, reaching its maximum expression in the Renaissance (15th-17th century), together with the concept of perspective. This resource allows the representation of space in an exact way.
The artists’ work was not limited only to the execution of their work of art, but also to the elaboration of their paintings, primers, supports and brushes. All this training reached the apprentices of the fifteenth century by their teachers, who supervised each task.
The rise of Decorative Painting, however, takes place in 18th and 19th century Europe, and through the colonizers, it was the most direct influence on decorative painting in America . The Old World influenced motifs, brush strokes, and the use of color.
Ornamentation techniques have changed through the ages, but the desire to decorate everyday objects persists to this day. It includes all kinds of designs (flowers, country scenes, children’s scenes, stencil paintings, etc.) that are painted as decoration on useful objects (shelves, windows, kitchen utensils, small furniture, etc.) as long as the motif is painted on a useful object. Although today the purpose is often the other way around, the artist prepares a circular saw blade, already worn and discarded by the carpenter, on it he paints a design to his liking and puts a message such as “Familia Pérez Bienvenidos” . In this case the useful item, the saw blade, was turned into an ornament.Christmas , children’s motifs and much more.
The most varied materials are used as a support: metal , stone , cloth , wood , porcelain , glass , paper , or leather . Each of them must be treated, according to their characteristics, with a certain type of preparation, paint and finish.
Decorative painting reflects not only art but the culture and history of each country, of each region. It evokes a time, a historical moment in the country.
Currently it reflects a need for expression on the part of the different decorative painters and serves for many of them as a link to classical painting, which means that sometimes the purpose, techniques and application of them are lost.
Current decorating procedures
- Stencil or stencil
- Gold by transfer
- Gilded to the leaf
- The mosaic