Constructivism . It was a Russian artistic movement of the early twentieth century that had a notable influence on European art . It was founded by Russian sculptor and painter Vladimir Tatlin . The name refers to the construction of abstract sculptures based on a wide variety of industrial materials: metal , wire , pieces of plastic , among others.
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- 1 Story
- 1 First works
- 2 Constructivist movement
- 2 Some associated artists
- 3 Sources
It arises in the 20th century, Russia is the place where this movement emerges, its founder Tatlin dedicated himself to the elaboration of abstract sculptural pieces, through the use of different types of industrial materials, and it is from there that the Name.
The artists of this time are placed, with a new role, by the fact of retaking the forms with which we usually surround ourselves, and creating new works.
In 1920 Gabo and Pevsner devoted themselves to the publication in Moscow of the Realist Manifesto, where the theoretical principles of the new style are exposed.
The works that inaugurate this movement are Tatlin’s relief constructions, made between 1913 and 1917 , by which time in 1920 other artists Alexánder Rodchenko , El Lisisstky , Naum Gabo and Antón Pevsner , among others, were beginning to join .
Around 1913 the constructivist movement, debtor and continuator of the efforts of Cubists and Futurists in search of achieving a “legitimate” painting was outlined in modern art . At that time the first constructivist objects and the material configurations of the Russians Vladimir Tatlin and Alexander Rodechnko emerged.
In this decade, artists like Piet Mondrian proclaimed their precepts about Neoplasticism in painting and Kazimir Malévich conceived his theory of Suprematism based on the search for the pure form.
It was of great importance for the international propagation of the constructivist objectives