Civil rights are the protection and privilege of personal power given to all citizens by law. Civil rights are also called divine rights. Life in society requires a set of rules that place discipline in the daily lives of citizens. It regulates relations between people and this is the concept of human rights and civil rights. These rights are those that the government guarantees citizens, such as the right to vote.
These Rights are enjoyed by all citizens of a state as such. They are the rights of the freedom to express their ideas , without fear of incurring sanctions They are rights of religious freedom, of opinion, of rights of equality, of property,To have guaranteed civil rights, therefore, its mean that everyone should be treated on equal dealing under the law in any social situation, regardless of race, economic condition, religion, affiliation, cultural origin, sex, and opinion.
Therefore, the basic principles of Civil Law are:
Guarantees the right that individual has its existence recognized, which entails rights and obligations.
It recognizes the importance of the family; for the formation of the individual.
Legitimacy of inheritance:
It guarantees the citizen the right to dispose of his assets and to transfer, totally or partially, to his heirs.
Autonomy of the will:
it takes into account the legal capacity of the human being to practice or abstain from certain acts, according to his will.
It emphasizes the social importance of property and legal affairs, with the intention of reconciling the collective needs of particular interests.
What are Civil Rights Are Different from Natural Rights
For example, the philosopher John Locke, argued that the natural rights are about life, liberty and property. It should be converted into civil rights and protected by the sovereign state as an aspect of the social contract.
While Civil rights include:
(a) The right to freedom of peaceful assembly;
(b) the right to freedom of association; including forming and becoming a member of the labor union; and
(c) the right to express freedom of expression or expression; including the freedom to seek, receive and impart information and all kinds of ideas without regard to limits (either through oral or written).
In Addition these rights are also included in Civil Rights.
The right to liberty and personal security.
The right to freedom of movement and transfers.
The right to recognition and equal treatment before the law.
The Right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
The Right to freedom of opinion and expression.
The Right to assemble and union.
The Right to participate in government.