Choba

Choba (Psidium guineense). Small or shrubby tree, also known as guava sabanero. It is a very precocious species that has the unusual quality of producing flowers and fruits during its second year of life, with a few centimeters in height. The fruits are similar to cases or guavas , but much smaller and with an exquisite bittersweet flavor.

Summary

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  • 1 Taxonomy
    • 1 Scientific name
    • 2 Combinations for this basonym
    • 3 Synonymy
  • 2 Features
  • 3 Properties
  • 4 Use in medicine
  • 5 References
  • 6 Sources

Taxonomy

Scientific name

  • Psidium guineense Sw. [1]

Combinations for this basonym

  • Guajava guineensis (Sw.) Kuntze
  • Mosiera guinensis (Sw.) Bisse
  • Myrtus guineensis (Sw.) Kuntze [2]

Synonymy

  • Guajava guineensis (Sw.) Kuntze
  • Guajava mollis (Bertol.) Kuntze
  • Guajava polycarpa (CL Anderson ex Lamb.) Kuntze
  • Myrtus guineensis (Sw.) Kuntze
  • Psidium araca Raddi
  • Psidium benthamianum O. Berg
  • Psidium chrysobalanoides Standl.
  • Costa Rican Psidium O. Berg
  • Psidium dichotomum Weinm.
  • Psidium guyanense Pers.
  • Psidium hasslerianum Barb. Rodr.
  • Psidium laurifolium Barb. Rodr.
  • Psidium laurifolium O. Berg
  • Psidium molle Bertol.
  • Psidium molle var. gracile O. Berg
  • Psidium monticola O. Berg
  • Psidium ooideum var. longuspedunculatum Rusby
  • Psidium polycarpon CL Anderson ex Lamb.
  • Psidium rotundifolium Standl.
  • Psidium schiedeanum O. Berg
  • Psidium schippii Standl.
  • Psidium sericiflorum Benth.
  • Psidium sprucei O. Berg [3]

features

The Psidium guineense Sw (choba) species is a small tree from 2 to 2.5 m tall, native and widely dispersed in Tropical America . It belongs to the Mirtaceae family, it is typical of grasslands and thickets and thrives in arid terrain. The bark is brown in color and flakes off. The fruits are globose, sometimes ovoid, aromatic, pedunculated, 1.5 cm long; Immatures are light green in color and acidic in flavor, ripe are greenish-yellow, the pulp is creamy and sweet, with numerous seeds of about 0.3 cm, creamy, ovoid, small, hard-headed.

Properties

  • The antimicrobial activity of the P. guineense species could be attributed to the secondary metabolites, tannins, flavonoids, terpenes and aldehydes, present in the fruit of this species.

Use in medicine

It is used as a medicinal plant in the interior of Brazil , in a decoction of the roots to treat urinary diseases, diarrhea and dysentery . In Costa Rica it is said to reduce varicose veins and leg ulcers . A decoction of the leaf is taken to eliminate cold and bronchitis .

 

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