Hard disks can be considered as the main hardware trimmer (hardware). This is because in addition to being a file system and application, the hard disk is also a storage place for most of your important files. The main value of this device is in the stored data. when other devices can be replaced without thinking about other risks, damage to the hard disk can cause loss of important data especially if there are no backups.
Routinely checking the condition or health of the hard disk is an effort to ensure that the hard disk is always in good condition and important data contained in it is safe. Windows has several tools that can be used to check the health of the hard disk even with standard functions. If you really need it, you can use third-party apps like WindowSMART or Hard Disk Sentinel.
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WindowSMART or Hard Disk Sentinel is a paid application, but you can also try the 30 day trial version. Of course WindowSMART or Hard Disk Sentinel offers full features and better capabilities in finding, testing, diagnosing and fixing problems on the hard disk. But if you only want to use the default Microsoft Windows tools, you can use one of them, Windows CHKDSK or WMIC.
- Using Windows CHKDSK.
Windows CHKDSK is the default tool for Microsoft Windows. You can use this tool to check and find system errors or bad sectors on the hard disk. This tool will try to fix problems that can be fixed and will notify you when there are large problems that cannot be fixed.
To check the health of the hard disk using the Windows CHKDSK tool, run or open File Explorer, right-click on the drive to be checked to display a shortcut menu and then select Properties.
In the [drive] Properties dialog box that appears, make sure you are on the Tool tab (1) and then click the Check button (2) in the Error checking section.
In the Error Checking [drive] window that appears, click Scan drive.
- Using WMIC.
WMIC is a command-line interface for carrying out many administrative tasks, one of which is checking the health of the hard disk. WMIC uses a hard disk feature called SMART (Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology) to see the status and provide simple conclusions such as “OK” if the hard disk is in good condition or there are no problems.
To check the hard disk using WMIC, run or open Windows Command Prompt (read the article Opening or Running Command Prompt on Windows 10 ). In the Command Prompt window that appears, when wmic(1) and press the Enter key. When the WMIC interface is ready, type diskdrive get status(2) and press the Enter key. Shortly, you will see the status of the hard disk (3).