Canine atopy: symptoms and treatment

In fact, as is the case with atopic dermatitis in humans, canine atopy is more common than we think. Experts agree that it affects 10% of canids. It manifests itself because the animal shows allergic hypersensitivity to some environmental component that causes a series of symptoms that must be treated by the veterinarian. This environmental allergy has a very high genetic component, but, apart from that, specialists do not know for sure what causes this canine skin sensitivity.

Symptoms of canine atopic dermatitis

Pollen, dust mites or certain insects can cause a skin reaction on the skin of dogs that is characterized by inflammation and redness of the area affected by the allergic reaction. It can also show pimples, called papules. In some animals black spots appear in the area.

Of course, due to that redness, the dog’s skin darkens and its appearance is dry. This and the presence of pimples make it itch and some itching. To alleviate the itchy sensation, the canid will tend to scratch against whatever surface it encounters (furniture, doors, etc.).

In some cases, hair loss is also detected in the area where the eczema is, as well as skin hardening.

Canine atopy treatment

At the slightest suspicion, we must go to the vet to determine a diagnosis and guide the best treatment. Although it may seem insignificant, this disease should not be underestimated, since the presence of papules and itching could cause a major infection, more complex to treat.

Most animal health experts will advise combining a drug treatment with a dermal one, but everything will depend on the condition of the animal. The first will consist of the use of corticosteroids to reduce the discomfort caused to the skin. When this improves, you can switch to drugs compounded with cyclosporine.

With regard to creams and other substances that are applied dermally, the most common for these cases are those that have moisturizing properties (to reduce itching, dryness and eczema) and fungicides (to fight against microorganisms that they roam freely on the skin).

Likewise, the veterinarian will advise following an adequate diet and will prescribe the use of supplements that contain omegas fatty acids, principles that help regain the stability of the skin and create a barrier that reduces the symptoms of dermatitis.

by Abdullah Sam
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