Calibrachoa. A genus of plants with 32 species in the Solanaceae family . They are weak evergreen greens with a habit of renovales. This plant bears a great resemblance to Petunia , only its flowers are much smaller as well as the foliage. Both genera share the same family of Solanaceae and come from South America .
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- 1 Etymology
- 2 species
- 3 Description
- 4 Reproduction
- 5 Habitat
- 6 Uses
- 7 Size
- 8 Light
- 9 Humidity
- 10 Subscription and Care
- 11 Floor
- 12 Source
Calibrachoa: generic name that was granted in honor of Antonio de la Cal y Bracho, who was a Mexican Pharmacy professor .
- Calibrachoa caesia (Sendtn.) Wijsman
- Calibrachoa calycina (Sendtn.) Wijsman
- Calibrachoa dusenii (REFr.) Stehmann & Semir
- Calibrachoa eglandulata Stehmann & Semir
- Calibrachoa elegans (Miers) Stehmann & Semir
- Calibrachoa ericaefolia (REFr.) Wijsman
- Calibrachoa excellens (REFr.) Wijsman
- Calibrachoa hassleriana (REFr.) Wijsman
- Calibrachoa heterophylla (Sendtn.) Wijsman
- Calibrachoa humilis (REFr.) Stehmann & Semir
- Calibrachoa linearis (Hook.) Wijsman
- Calibrachoa linoides (Sendtn.) Wijsman
- Calibrachoa macrodactylon (LBSm. & Downs) Wijsman
- Calibrachoa micrantha (REFr.) Stehmann & Semir
- Calibrachoa ovalifolia (Miers) Stehmann & Semir
- Calibrachoa paranensis (Dusen) Wijsman
- Calibrachoa parviflora (Juss.) D’Arcy
- Calibrachoa pygmaea (REFr.) Wijsman
- Calibrachoa regnellii (REFr.) Wijsman
- Calibrachoa rupestris (Dusen) Wijsman
- Calibrachoa sellowiana (Sendtn.) Wijsman
- Calibrachoa sendtneriana (REFr.) Stehmann & Semir
- Calibrachoa serrulata (LBSm. & Downs) Stehmann & Semir
- Calibrachoa spathulata (LBSm. & Downs) Stehmann & Semir
- Calibrachoa thymifolia (A.St.-Hil.) Stehmann & Semir
- Calibrachoa Hibryda (A.CB) Antonio de la Cal y Bracho
The plants have numerous branches with very dense foliage, made up of small, oval, rather dark leaves with a somewhat sticky feel.
Among the different varieties you can find the Calibrachoa with blooms in an endless number of different shades, among which the pale pink or very intense color stands out, in addition to purple , blue , red , or white. One of the last colors to be introduced in the market with great success are orange and yellow, as well as mixed or marbled shades.
The flowers can be single or double. They are trumpet-shaped and their center always has a more intense color. The delicate fabric of the flowers is very vulnerable against water , so it is not good to wet them when watering.
Summer rains can be a setback since it leaves this plant looking very bad, the same thing happens with the strong wind . In order for its flowering to be prolonged for many months, it is necessary to eliminate the flowers that are observed to be withered.
Flowering of the calibrachoa occurs throughout the summer and even in autumn in places with a temperate climate until the first frosts. It reproduces by seeds or also by cuttings. In this case we will cut shoots between 12-20 cm in length that do not have flowers and we will plant them in a pot with a well drained substrate. We will keep them in a bright, humid place with a temperature of around 21 ºC .
It comes from South America .
It is generally used as a hanging plant, being highly valued for its cheerful, highly attractive coloring. Due to its expansive development, it is also intended to cover large strips of garden soil or for hanging planters.
It has a truly rapid development and a bearing below 20 cm in height.
It needs to be exposed in areas where it can receive a good amount of sun , this will favor its flowering. This plant loves warm temperatures. Calibrachoa requires good sun exposure to achieve abundant flowering. However, there are varieties that work well in partial shade.
The waterings should be regular during their flowering period, but taking into account that if the substrate remains waterlogged for too long, it produces diseases and root rot, always water moderately.
Subscription and Care
Fertilize regularly, as these plants are demanding on food. Cut the tips of the stems that are overgrown and clamp it with some regularity, this will keep the plant compact and with a good proportion of flowers. It is quite common that during its cultivation it is affected by different pests such as whiteflies or aphids.
They do not require pruning since after flowering the plant is discarded. To multiply it, the seeds are sown in hot trays at the beginning of spring .