Among the threat of food insecurity around the world, plant products are expected to increase even more to cope with the growing demand for these goods and related health benefits. The massive demands can be explained by an ever-increasing global population and by changes in eating habits towards greater consumption of vegetables. The figures quoted here should not remain constant in the short term, since massive agricultural developments are underway to provide greater volumes of food so necessary to the world population. Annual production could rise or fall, as climatic conditions seem to pose a great threat to the global production of cauliflower and broccoli, but the long-term production curve should remain on the rise.
The extraordinary Chinese production of ornaments
China accounts for more than half of the world production of broccoli and cauliflower, which is equivalent to an increase in the multi-billion dollar trade for the Asian power plant. The Chinese economic boom has contributed enormously to immense development in almost all aspects of the country’s economy. Vegetable production was not left behind. In the last five years the production of broccoli and cauliflower in China has steadily increased, with an estimated growth of around 20% in this period, to provide an annual production approaching nearly ten million tonnes at the last measurement.
Brassicas in India
India follows China in second place, albeit at a considerable distance. The Indian products come from 6.7 million hectares of agricultural land that the country has dedicated to the production of cauliflower and broccoli. If the Chinese and Indian sectors set aside for the production of broccoli and cauliflower should be combined, they would represent over 75% of the world total. The explanation for this is quite simple. These countries have the highest populations in the world and the need to produce food is a very vital thing as the consumption of vegetables per person is also very high and must be regularly met.
Other global leaders
The largest cauliflower and broccoli growers in Europe are Poland, Italy, France and Spain. The continent is able to produce a large quantity of these plant products, many of which are grown on small plots given the limited agricultural area that these countries often have available. In North America, the United States and Mexico are at the forefront, with an annual broccoli and cauliflower producing over 288,750 tons and 481,073 tons respectively. This is a real surprise as Canada does not seem to be close to its neighbors, although the country is considered one of the best consumers of plant products. Other countries that deserve mention in this category are Egypt, Pakistan, Turkey and Algeria. In each of these countries,
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Countries such as Australia, Jordan, Ecuador, Greece and Guatemala can only produce between 60-80 thousand tons of cauliflower and broccoli on an annual basis. This range can be considered very low in global terms and probably does not represent the full potential of these countries with regard to the production of these foods. However, things are expected to change continuously for the better. As technological advances in agriculture should continue, changing things seems to be a guarantee in countries that are currently struggling to get the desired production of plant products. This implies that the production of broccoli and cauliflower may soon become the upward trend even in countries where raising these vegetables has not been a mainstay in the past.
Countries that grow the most broccoli and cauliflower in the world
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