Borojo

Borojo . It is a plant native to Central America , It is commonly used in Colombia . Its fruits are highly energetic and nutritious. It has been released today in other countries, mainly for its alleged aphrodisiac properties.

Summary

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  • 1 Taxonomy
    • 1 Scientific name
      • 1.1 Authors
      • 1.2 Basonym combinations
    • 2 Synonymy
  • 2 Origin and Geographical Distribution
  • 3 Features
  • 4 Properties
    • 1 Nutrition
  • 5 Requirements for cultivation
    • 1 Topography
    • 2 Fertility
    • 3 Drainage and water table
    • 4 Climate
    • 5 Propagation
  • 6 References
  • 7 Sources

Taxonomy

Scientific name

  • Borojoa patinoi Cuatrec. [one]

Authors

  • Cuatrecasas, José

Posted in: Secretary of Agriculture and Livestock, Outreach Service, Applied Botanical Series 2: 474–477, f. 1–5. 1949. [2]

Basonym combinations

  • Alibertia patinoi (Cuatrec.) Delprete & CH Perss. [3]

Synonymy

  • Alibertia patinoi (Cuatrec.) Delprete & C. Persson [4]

Origin and Geographical Distribution

It is assumed to be native to the Amazon , where the largest number of reported species is located. In the Brazilian Amazon there are five species, among which is borojo sorbilis, one of the most typical species. They can also be found in the Panamanian Darien with two species, the borojo panamensis and the borojo atlantisensis, or as the Emberá indigenous call it: borojo pichí, which means that it is small. Other typical species of the genus are the borojo patinoi cuatrecasas, found in Colombia . It is found in the wild and cultivated commercially. Between 1948 and 1951 the discovery of the species is made from the botanical and taxonomic point of view, by the doctorVíctor Manuel Patiño , who collects the species in El Chocó and takes it to Dr. José Cuatrecasas , Jesuit priest, professor of taxonomy at the University of Colombia , who classifies it, and calls it Borojoa patinoi, in respect to Dr. Patiño. But Cuatrecasas discovers that not only the species is new to science, but also the genus. Later in 1953 the species was reclassified in Brazil . The genus borojo has the characteristic that the placental tissue has no divisions or any tissue, it is conniving and convergent. That feature makes that genre specific. From there it is universally accepted.

features

Borojo Tree

The Borojo plant reaches a height of 3 to 6 meters and is very old, of dioecious species , more backward than hermaphrodites , in evolutionary terms of the species. This means that the female flower is on one tree and the male flower is on another. Most species of this type have disappeared, it has been able to reach our days only by the action of man to preserve it.

The fruit is 7 to 12 centimeters in diameter, is green in color and changes to chocolate when ripe; the pulp is chocolate-colored, acidic, and dense, consisting mainly of high protein fructose and glucose . It has a variable number of seeds between 90 to 600 per fruit. It is considered mature when it falls to the ground , and the way of harvesting is manual. They are fruits that reach up to four pounds in weight.

Ripe Fruit

It does not produce known side effects or dependencies. Because it is a natural fruit, the Borojo does not register traces in the blood, which is important for practicing sports at a professional level, where there are arduous controls on substances. The energy effect it provides is not similar to that of caffeine or Guarana. The indigenous people of the Darien jungles in Panama use it as food and medicine. It is a natural energetic and helps them to hike under high temperatures, climb mountains, go through jungles and reach the limit of their fortress.

Boron has large amounts of minerals including potassium , phosphorous , calcium, and magnesium . These macro minerals are necessary to maintain the core functions of the body, to reduce disease, and for the regeneration and growth of body cells. It also contains amino acids such as lysine , thyroxine , leucine , and valine , essential amino acids, which are the components of the protein and critical for healthy functioning, which are not produced by the body and therefore must be provided in the diet.

Properties

The fruit of the physiologically mature Borojo presents exceptional conditions for pharmacopoeia, industry and food. The fruit of is famous for its supposed aphrodisiac characteristics. Its effectiveness has been demonstrated in:

  • The fight against bronchial conditions.
  • Balances the sugarin the blood .
  • Fight malnutrition
  • Controls high blood pressure
  • Increases sexual potency, among others.

Not only is it effective in the fight against some diseases, but having a high level of amino acids, it helps to nourish the body, especially for people on vegetarian diets.

Nutrition

In analyzes it found that is rich in basic elements of human consumption such as: iron , calcium , phosphorus in large quantities, and Vitamin C .

  • Calories 93.0%
  • Water7 gr.
  • Protein 1.1 gr.
  • Carbohydrates7 gr.
  • Fiber3 gr.
  • Calcium0 mg.
  • Phosphorus0 mg
  • Iron5 mg
  • Thiamine3 mg.
  • Riboflavin 0.1 mg
  • Niacin3 mg.
  • Vitamin C 3.0 mg.
  • Edible part of Borojo: 60.0%

Borojo is processed under different forms such as: juice (alone or mixed with other fruits), jelly , sweet and sour sauce, jams and mixer for alcoholic beverages.

Cultivation Requirements

Topography

It can be established on flat or gently sloping soils up to 30%. It is not recommended to plant in soils with a higher slope.

Fertility

Leucaena is used to maintain soil fertility, because it, as a legume , fixes atmospheric nitrogen and incorporates it into the soil. The association of Borojó, Papaya and Leucaena is a suitable alternative to obtain a good production.

Drainage and water table

The groundwater table for the cultivation of these species must be at a minimum depth of 1.20 m.

Weather

The climate for this crop must be warm, humid, tropical, under the following conditions:

  • Temperature:Average 28 ° C
  • Relative humidity:According to its origin, it tolerates relative humidity of 75 to 90%.
  • Luminosity:It normally develops in areas of low solar brightness of less than 1500 light-hours.
  • Precipitation:Areas of high rainfall, greater than 4000 mm per year.
  • Soils:It normally grows in acidic, deep soils with low natural fertility, as corresponds to soils developed under very high precipitation conditions; prefers well-drained soils.
  • Altitude: Must be from 0 to 600 m. Above sea level .
  • Wind: They should not be very strong since it is a plant sensitive to winds.

Propagation

The propagation of the Borojo is carried out by seeds, which must come from excellent quality mother trees, of good production, resistant to pests and diseases. The seeds must be sown in germination boxes or seedlings . Once the seedlingsThey developed a pair of sheets, they are ready to be cut into 15 x 8 cm perforated polyethylene sleeves, previously filled with prepared soil (with more than 50% organic matter). At approximately four months, plants can be planted at the final site. Since usually half of the plants produced by seeds are male and therefore do not produce fruit, it is essential to graft with female plant shoots. This is possible once the sex of the plants is distinguished, in the first flowering. To guarantee natural pollination between Borojo trees, you must have 10% of well distributed male plants in the module.

 

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