Bergamot . It is a citrus fruit of small size and slightly similar in shape to that of a pear , just like its stem . Its flavor is sour and its aromatic skin is used to obtain essential oil . It belongs to the rutáceas family .


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  • 1 Taxonomy
    • 1 Scientific name
      • 1.1 Authors
    • 2 Basonym combinations
    • 3 Common name
  • 2 Origin
  • 3 Composition
  • 4 In Cuba
  • 5 Features
    • 1 Tree
    • 2 Fruit
  • 6 References
  • 7 Source


Scientific name

  • Citrus bergamia Risso et Poit. [1] [2]


  • Risso, Joseph Antoine
  • Posted in: Hist. Nat. Or. Europ. Merid. , pl. 53–56. [3]

Basonym combinations

  • Citrus × aurantium subsp. bergamia (Risso) Engl.
  • Citrus × aurantium var. bergamia (Risso) Brandis
  • Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia (Risso) Wight & Arn. [4]

Common name

  • Bergamot


India and South Asia .


Fruit interior


Mabberley ( 2004 ) postulates that bergamot results from the backcrossing of lemon with orange .

In Cuba

In Cuba there are few specimens of this species and it is widely seen in patios, in all provinces, but especially in Camagüey and Ciego de Ávila . [5]



Shrub about 5-6 m high, prickly, leaves of a single leaflet, petiole articulated apically. Uniform blooming or in short clusters.


Ovoid fruit , thin peel, yellow in maturity, sour juice, but with a peculiar flavor (there are sweet forms), with digestive properties for patients with gastric problems, since the juice does not present acidity and tends to be of neutral or almost neutral PH.

It helps lower blood pressure. Also the consumption of its pulp helps fight arthritis . It is one of the most pleasant and reviving oils used in aromatherapy .


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